Mind Map on Philosophy AS: Philosophy of Religion - Attributes of God., created by slatter.e07 on 04/16/2015.
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Philosophy AS: Philosophy of Religion - Attributes of God.
1 1. God's attributes:
1.1.1 Outside of time
1.2.1 All powerful
220.127.116.11 If God is all powerful, can he do the logically impossible?
18.104.22.168.1 a) God can do anything
22.214.171.124.1.1 1a. Religious philosophers like St Thomas Aquinas grappled with
the concept of omnipotence, trying to articulate it in a coherent
126.96.36.199.1.1.1 When Aquinas asks, ‘Is god omnipotent?’ he finds an immediate
difficulty as all things can be moved or acted upon, however God is
changeless (Immutable) And so there is one thing God cannot do:
namely change. So he wrote a list of things he cannot do.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 1. Alter past events...
2. Change the laws of
mathematics: (2 + 2 =
6) cannot be done...
3. Or do something
exist and not, or
totally black and
totally white at the
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1 These examples, amongst others, have led
theologians to amend a) to the more
qualified claim that…
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1 b) God can do anything
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1.1 1b. Even this isn’t the right formulation, for some believers agree
God cannot do some things, even though they are logically
possible. For example, Aquinas asks whether God can create evil -
his reply is no; God cannot sin.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124 God is not able to sin. Nor can he act in anyway that goes against
his fundamental nature or which contradicts other elements of his
perfection (Such as omniscience or immutability).
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1 So, as part of an even more nuanced account of omnipotence,
religious philosophers have to further modify their understanding
of God’s omnipotence:
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.1 c). God can do anything which is logically possible and which does
not limit his power.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1.1 Aquinas: no. What is impossible is a contradiction in terms
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199 The words that you use to describe the impossible literally
contradict each other. So any description of a logically
impossible state of affairs or power is not meaningful So
what is logically impossible is not anything at all. This is no
limitation on God’s power – there is still nothing that God
1.3.1 All knowing
1.4.1 All good
1.5.1 God is beyond our world
188.8.131.52 The writers of the bible stated that
god is both: he holds a peronal
relationship and can exist beyond,
and outside of, a limit of boundary.
1.6.1 God's in the world, and present in all time and
places connected within the universe
1.7.1 Relationship with god
1.8 Perfectly intellectual
1.8.1 No limits on his intelligence
1.9 Maximally great
1.9.1 "God is greater then which cannot be conceived"
1.10.1 He is timeless, he is ATEMPORAL
184.108.40.206 What is god's relation to time?
1.11 2. Paradox's of God's
220.127.116.11 The paradox of the stone
18.104.22.168.1 'Can God make a stone so heavy he cannot lift it?'
22.214.171.124 The problem of evil
126.96.36.199.1 The evidential problem of evil
188.8.131.52.2 The logical problem of evil
184.108.40.206 To commit evil is to fail to be supremely good.
220.127.116.11.1 If God is supremely good, then God cannot commit evil.
18.104.22.168.1.1 Therefore, if God is supremely good, there is something that God cannot do.
22.214.171.124.1.1.1 Therefore, God cannot be both supremely good and omnipotent.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52 Three solutions:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 1. God can commit evil (omnipotence), but
always chooses not to (goodness).
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.2 2. There is no distinct power of
‘committing evil’ because ‘evil’ is not a
type of act
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.3 3. Aquinas: there is no distinct power of
‘committing evil’ because ‘evil’ is simply the
absence of good
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.3.1 Being ‘able’ to fail is not a power, but a lack
of power to succeed
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.3.1.1 God does not lack the power to do good, so
God cannot commit evil.
1.11.4 God's supreme
126.96.36.199 The Euthyphro dilemma
188.8.131.52 The compataibility of god's foreknowledge and human free will