China's One Child Policy

Mind Map by sophsdoyle, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by sophsdoyle over 6 years ago


Geography (Population) Mind Map on China's One Child Policy, created by sophsdoyle on 10/07/2013.

Resource summary

China's One Child Policy
1 Why the policy was introduced..
1.1 Created as a humanitarian response to China's over-population problem
1.2 There were (2009) 1,330,000,000 people living in China and they all need water, food, housing, education, jobs, advancement opportunity, and a myraiad of other requirements.
1.3 Any large increase to the existing population would prevent economic and social stability for China's people.
2 Negative Impacts
2.1 There is a bigger men to women ratio in China
2.1.1 Means there are less wives Less children (not a positive) because people are killing their daughters
2.2 There are boys being kidnapped off the streets
2.3 A lot of girls are being put up for adoption
2.4 If you are an only child you are allowed to have two children (unfair and not helping the population much)
2.4.1 Because that's the same as the parent having two children in the 1st place and one giving birth.
3 Positive Impacts
3.1 Families who only have 1 child get a 'one child glory certificate' which entitles them to an annual bonus on their salary up until the child is 14.
3.2 It's good for population management.
3.3 It's decreased the population by over a half
3.4 Families who stick to the policy will get HUGE bonuses
4 Features
4.1 Only applies to registered urban families Rural families and protected minorities may have more than 1 child.
4.2 Couples may have 1 child every 10 years.
4.2.1 Couples having more that 1 child within a 10 year period are subject to social disincentives
4.3 Multiple births (twins, triplets etc) are exempt from the policy
4.4 Parents whose 1st child is physically handicapped, mentally handicapped or dies may have a 2nd child
4.5 Waivers of the policy are selectively granted for hardship causes
4.5.1 Such As: Adoption of deceased relative's orphan
4.6 A limited number of municipalities will switch to a 2 child policy within the next few years.
4.6.1 Shanghai is the most prominicent locale making this change
5 Timeline of how policies have changed
5.1 1949: Mao wanted a big population and so banned contraceptives and birth control
5.1.1 1958-61: Mao attempted to use China's ever growing population to develop China's economy but the results were a disaster and between 18-33 million people died of famine. 1961-1966: Deng Xiaping & Liu Shaoqisideline Mao and bring back sanity to China by easing state controls and importing grain from abroad to break the famine. Population growth takes off again. 1966-1976: Mao is back in power and attempts to destroy/weaken the traditional & cultural fundamentals of Chinese society. The result is chaos and an almost destruction of the Chinese economy &education system. attempts to control the population fail & the population continues to grow out of control. 1976 -: Mao is gone. Zhaoping has the job of resurrecting the economy & improving the standard of living. In 1978 the 1 Child Policy was introduced & it was applied to all 1st born children of 1979.
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