Abnormal Psychology

din960104
Mind Map by din960104, updated more than 1 year ago
din960104
Created by din960104 over 6 years ago
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A Level Psychology Mind Map on Abnormal Psychology, created by din960104 on 10/07/2013.
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Abnormal Psychology
1 What is abnormal behavior?
1.1 Statistical Infrequency

Annotations:

  • - Behavior that is rare according to statistics. (think bell curve extremes) Limitations: -Some infrequencies such as talent in sports or a high IQ are rare, but not abnormal
1.2 Violation of norms

Annotations:

  • Social norm: What society (the general population) thinks as common/acceptable. They are the unwritten rules of society Examples: -talking to oneself -hallucinations Limitations:  -Not all societies consider the same behaviors "abnormal" or "normal" -Social norms can be overlooked by an individual through "personal preference"
1.3 Failure to function adequately
1.3.1 Suffering

Annotations:

  • This is when the "abnormal" person goes through suffering/distress. Limitation: Not all disorders don't involve stress ex psychopathology.This isn't really a sufficient condition for abnormality
1.3.2 Observer duscomfort

Annotations:

  • This is when the observing person feels discomfort either in understanding or morally
1.3.3 Maladaptiveness

Annotations:

  • Also known as disability or dysfunction, this is when the abnormality renders the individual unable to perform what s/he must do. This would include work, maintain healthy relationships with people, etc.  Limitation: - Not all disabilities are considered abnormalities. - There isn't really a clear rule that defines which are disabilities that pertain to abnormalities
1.3.4 Unprdictability

Annotations:

  • -The individual and his/her actions can be considered out of the ordinary.  -The individual cannot render a consistent pattern
1.3.5 Limitations

Annotations:

  • -Just because a person fails to function adequately, it does not mean that the person is abnormal. We should know the context of the behavior Examples: - Students before A levels are nervous and not relaxed due to high stress levels and expectations set for them by themselves or others. - A new mother may be tired, sensitive, and stressed because she has never raised a child before, and also because she is unaccustomed to her new schedule. - Some mental disorders don't necessarily prevent people from functioning adequately Example: Even though a scientist is afraid of the public, s/he can work in isolation. - The reason of failing to function adequately may have nothing to do with abnormalities and it may just be to social and economic reasons Example: A poor person may not be able to fulfill some commonly expected goals because s/he is likely to lack the economic ability and not mental instability.
1.4 Deviation from ideal mental health

Annotations:

  • In 1958, Marie Jahoda argued that it would be better to focus on common concepts to describe mental health and then look for deviation from these. AIM of Perfectly Healthy People (AIMPHP) A - Autonomy: can act independently and make own decisions I - Integration: can form positive relationships M - Mastery of environment: can meet demands within different situations and adapt to changing circumstances P - Personal growth and Development: developing talents and abilities to the full H - High self-esteem: positive view of self P - Perceiving reality accurately: seeing the world as it really is
1.4.1 Limitations

Annotations:

  • - Context! What an individual may or may not possess matters. Poorer people are not necessarily mentally unhealthy. - Different cultures and generations may have different definitions as to what is mentally healthy
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