The Role of the Gods and Goddesses

Cara Dudgeon
Mind Map by Cara Dudgeon, updated more than 1 year ago
Cara Dudgeon
Created by Cara Dudgeon over 6 years ago


As/A2 Virgil and Homer Mind Map on The Role of the Gods and Goddesses, created by Cara Dudgeon on 04/29/2015.

Resource summary

The Role of the Gods and Goddesses
  1. The Iliad
    1. Hera
      1. Book VIII: Iris
        1. Encourages Achilles to stop wallowing in his own self pity and return to battle
        2. Book VIII: Hates the Trojans
          1. Judgement of Paris
            1. Shows hate by making trouble for them
          2. Athena
            1. Book VI: Against the Trojans - rejecting the offering of the women
              1. Book VIII: Brings Achilles back to the battlefield
                1. XXII: Intervenes in the fight between Achilles and Hector
                  1. Tells Achilles that she will help him in the fight
                    1. Disguises herself as Hector's brother Deiphobus
                      1. Gives Achilles a spear
                2. Thetis
                  1. Book XVIII: Comforts Achilles when he hears of Patroclus' death
                    1. Family
                      1. Compassion
                        1. Goes to Hephaestus to get Achilles new armour
                      2. Book XXIV: She persuades Achilles to give the body back
                      3. Hephaestus
                        1. Book VIII: Makes Achilles' armour
                          1. More for Thetis than for Achilles - has to repay her
                            1. Shows her xenia
                              1. Saved him as a baby
                              2. Shield - tells the story of life and death outside of war
                            2. Zeus
                              1. Book XXII: He is not above fate
                                1. Like Hector but will not save him
                                  1. Could be to avoid a war with the Gods
                                2. XXIV: Zeus intervenes and orders the return of Hector's body
                                  1. Iris is sent to get Thetis
                                    1. Book XXIV: Sent to Priam to tell to collect his son's body
                                3. Apollo
                                  1. XXII: Mocks Achilles - leading Achilles from battle
                                    1. Shows Apollo's favour of Hector/Trojan
                                    2. Book XXII: Apollo deserts Hector
                                      1. Following the judgement of Zeus
                                      2. XXIV: Protects Hector's body after death
                                        1. Urges Hermes to steal his body
                                          1. Not agreed to by Hera, Athena and Poseidon
                                            1. Argues with Hera
                                        2. Hermes
                                          1. Book XXIV: Disguised as a Myrmidon to guide Priam through the Greek camp
                                        3. The Aeneid
                                          1. Juno
                                            1. Juturna
                                              1. Book XII: Sanctioned by Juno to interfere in the war to try and save Turnus
                                                1. Goes to the battle lines disguised as Camers to rouse the Rutulians to war
                                                2. Book XII: Sends the eagle into the sky so that the Rutulians misinterpret the sign
                                                  1. Book XII: She drives through the battlefield on Turnus' chariot and stops him from going to battle with Aeneas
                                                    1. This rouses Aeneas to anger and he kills anyone in sight
                                                      1. Turnus recognizes what Juturna's trying to do and asks her to stop - accepts his death
                                                      2. Book XII: Gives Turnus his sword
                                                      3. Book I: Her love for Carthage and hates the Trojans
                                                        1. Causes storm by Aeolus - brings Aeneas to Carthage
                                                        2. In general - spiteful, selfish, stubborn, manipulative, powerful
                                                          1. Book II: First to seize the Scaean gate.
                                                              1. Book IV: Sends Iris to put Dido out of her misery by taking a lock of her hair to give to Dis
                                                                1. Allecto
                                                                  1. Book VII: Infects Amata with anger - personification
                                                                    1. Book VII: Goes to Turnus as Calybe and tries to insight war but gets laughed off and goes sick
                                                                      1. Book VII: Puts the sudden fit of madness into the hounds of Ascanius, making him kill the stag signaling the start of the war.
                                                                      2. Book VII: Returns from Argos and realizes that Aeneas has reached his goal. She accepts fate but aims to upset it as much as she can
                                                                        1. Book VII: Juno puts a stop to Allecto and will finish what Allecto started - opens the Iron Gates of war
                                                                        2. Venus
                                                                          1. Cupid
                                                                            1. Book I: Sent by Venus disguised as Ascanius
                                                                            2. Book I: Disguises herself as a Spartan woman
                                                                              1. Angry when Aeneas questions her tactics
                                                                                1. Convinces Aeneas to go to Carthage
                                                                                  1. Shrouds him a cloud of mist
                                                                                2. Book I: Appeals to Jupiter about Juno's treatment of Aeneas
                                                                                  1. Book II: Appears to Aeneas to stop him killing Helen - reminds him of his fate.
                                                                                    1. Book IV: Juno and Venus agree to marry Dido and Aeneas
                                                                                        1. Book XII: Venus sends dittany to Aeneas to cure his arrow wound - identified as the work of the Gods
                                                                                          1. Book XII: Venus tells Aeneas to go to the city (Latium)
                                                                                            1. Gives Aeneas back his spear
                                                                                          2. Neptune
                                                                                            1. Book I: Calms the storm she has created
                                                                                              1. Simile - Page 7
                                                                                              2. Book II: Referred to loosening the foundations of Troy
                                                                                                1. Book VII: Prevents the Trojans from making harbour
                                                                                                2. Jupiter
                                                                                                  1. Book I: Calms Venus and introduces the first prophecy.
                                                                                                    1. Book II: Rouses the Gods against Troy
                                                                                                      1. Book II: Puts himself into the hearts of the Greeks giving them strength
                                                                                                        1. Book IV: Speaks to Mercury and tells him to go to Aeneas and remind him of his fate
                                                                                                          1. Book XII: Jupiter tells Juno to stop intervening and Juno agrees on condition that the Latins keep their name - Jupiter judges them on the scale
                                                                                                            1. Book XII: Sends the Dira to warn off Juturna
                                                                                                            2. Mercury
                                                                                                              1. Book I: Sent by Jupiter to make Carthage hospitable to the Trojans
                                                                                                                1. Minerva/Athena
                                                                                                                  1. Book II: Referenced to as being the one that helps the Greeks build the Trojan Horse
                                                                                                                    1. Book II: Sends the serpents to kill Laocoon convincing the Trojans to take to take the horse in
                                                                                                                    2. Vulcan
                                                                                                                      1. Book VIII: Goes to Vulcan to get him to make Aeneas new armour - flatters him - uses Thetis as blackmail
                                                                                                                        1. Book XII: Creates the sword for Turnus' father that Turnus has
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