Politics and the Family

Phoebe Fletcher
Mind Map by Phoebe Fletcher, updated more than 1 year ago
Phoebe Fletcher
Created by Phoebe Fletcher over 4 years ago
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A Level Sociology (Family) Mind Map on Politics and the Family, created by Phoebe Fletcher on 05/08/2015.

Resource summary

Politics and the Family
1 Laws and social policies affecting the family
1.1 1980s-1990s: Conservatives
1.1.1 Social policy aimed to strengthen Nuclear families
1.1.2 Emphasized self-help through the reliance on the family
1.1.3 Tired to save money by reducing welfare benefits
1.1.4 The Child Support agency was established in 1993, to ensure that absent fathers took financial responsibility for their children
1.2 1997-2010: Labour
1.2.1 Some New Right policies where continued, as there was a concern for 'dysfunctional' families and the lack of male role models, in SPFs
1.2.2 Social policy showed a recognition of the growing diversity of family forms
1.2.3 The new polices were made to support lone parents from mobbing from the dependence of welfare back into employment
1.2.4 The introduction of the National Minimum Wage helped the most poorly paid.
1.2.5 There was an increase inn free childcare, and nursery education with all 3-4 year olds getting a guaranteed 5 half days of nursery education a week.
2 Family ideology
2.1 Feminist and Marxist writers, suggest that many state polices are formed around, a dominant family ideology
2.2 At the heart of the ideology is the 'cereal packet family'
2.2.1 A nuclear family, which consists of, two married parents and their biological children
2.2.2 The husband plays an instrumental role, as the main breadwinner and decision maker
2.2.3 The wife plays an expressive, nurturing role, through caring for the home (housework) and expressing maternal love through childcare. She may do some part-time work to supplement the household income
2.2.4 Feminist writers Barrett and McIntosh (1982) have argued that this stereotype is patriarchal, harmful, and anti-social
2.2.4.1 Patriarchal, as it involves the exploitation of women through the triple burden. Policies giving women longer maternity leave, then men having paternity leave, encourages the traditional gender divison
2.2.4.2 Harmful, as it suggests that living in any other relationship, or alone are somehow deviant, and a threat to the normal family. Every time a policy/politician suggests to strengthen the family they are condemning those who live outside the cereal packet family such as SPFs or Gay couples with children.
2.2.4.3 Anti-social, as it devalues life outside of the family, much of social life revolves around family activities and it is hard for those outside to participate, as well as discouraging other forms of family and household.
2.3 The ideology often includes a family based on romantic love, as well as love for the children, that is a nurturing, caring and loving institution.
2.4 This ideology represents a powerful view on how people should lead their lifes
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