'The child was strong and armed with her
father's hunting knife.'
Idea of this anonymous child as an independent woman-
Knife later becomes 'her' knife
'The good child.'
'A hand toughened with hard work and freckled with old age.'
This woman was already conditioned by assuming her role in a
Thus, females must be wary of and remove
themselves from even the women who assume
Carter: 'I'm all for the pouring of new wine
into old bottles especially if the pressure of
the new wine makes the old bottles
Living in the grandma's house
yet has completely undermined
the subjugation that that would
Supported by previous, critical references to superstition.
'When they discovered a witch... another old woman
whose black cat, oh, sinister! follows her about all the
The parallel between criticising old ideas on the
role of a female, likening it to the ridiculousness
Preceding generation of mothers who expect
the same from their daughters.
Revenance- how we
cannot let past
thoughts control the
Linking to idea that Wolf-alice
'inhabits only the present tense'
Anwell: 'We recognise the author's turning
of the tables and simultaneously, the
damage done by the old inscriptions of
femininity as passive.'
'In a northern country; they have cold
weather, they have cold hearts... Cold;
tempest; wild beasts in the forest.'
Pathetic fallacy etc
a hard life
The effects of their old fashioned thoughts.
Women are damaged by
encouraging other females to fulfil
the male gaze idea.
Much like countess in The Snow Child
Fear of wolves more dangerous in winter
when they are hungry.
The father's hunting knife
'Here's your father's hunting knife, you
know how to use it.'
'The child wiped the blade of her knife...'
Goes from being her father's knife to her own one- she
has gained strength through her father's protection
and taken agency?
BC, father's gun shows the usurping of the masculine role, in this story the
knife highlights taking ownership of her own position?
Yet it is the neighbours who eventually
stone the wolf, helping the reader retain
sympathy for the protagonist
'She knew the forest too well to fear it, but
must always keep her guard.'
Now a perspective that
knowledge can guide you
through the forest.
Women do not have to be object if they take
agency of their own sexuality
This brings equality
Merja Makinen: 'Read the beasts as the projections of
a feminine libido, and they become exactly that
autonomous desire which the female characters need
to recognise and reappropriate as a part of
Symbolism for the liminal space of puberty.
Journey from childhood to womanhood.
Thus wild landscapes= inner turmoil etc
Thus it is suggested that the outcome
of this transition should be to a
grandmother-type figure, yet Carter
Form and structure
Generally a 3rd person narrative perspective
Typical of fairy tale genre
Generally colloquial tone with
condescending views towards the
towns people (e.g. see quote about
Switches to the mother as narrator
momentarily without speech marks
'Go and visit grandmother who
has been sick.'
The orders/ beliefs from older generations to younger ones
Thus just as the mother aims her words at the
daughter, this is aimed at the reader so that they
question their own position.
Eg: 'Their houses'...'There will be'
Carter distances self from
She does not assume
her position from mass