Nutrients

Katherine Fink
Mind Map by Katherine Fink, updated more than 1 year ago
Katherine Fink
Created by Katherine Fink over 6 years ago
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Description

the six nutrients and everything you need to know about them

Resource summary

Nutrients
  1. Macronutrients

    Annotations:

    • -ENERGY -have calories
    1. Carbs

      Annotations:

      • - 1 gram = 4 calories -main source of energy
      1. Simple

        Annotations:

        • -sugars -don't fill us up for as long -take less time to digst
        1. Candy
          1. Fruits
          2. Complex

            Annotations:

            • -starches -fill us up for longer -take longer time to digest
            1. Potatos
              1. Bread
            2. Fats

              Annotations:

              • -1 gram = 9 calories -main purpose is to provide energy when there are not enough carbs
              1. Saturated

                Annotations:

                • -solid at room temp.  -usually white in color -found in animal products -unhealthy
                1. Butter
                  1. Shortening
                  2. Unsaturated

                    Annotations:

                    • -liquid at room temp.  -found in vegetable oils -healthiest of the fats
                    1. Olive Oil
                      1. Canola Oil
                      2. Trans

                        Annotations:

                        • -an unsaturated fat that is chemically altered to become a saturated fat -VERY unhealthy 
                        1. Doughnuts
                          1. Cookies
                        2. Protiens

                          Annotations:

                          • -1 gram = 4 calories -main function is to build, maintain, and repair cells
                          1. Complete

                            Annotations:

                            • -found in animal products  -has all nine essential amino acids
                            1. Animal Products
                            2. Incomplete

                              Annotations:

                              • -found in fruits and vegetables -does not have all nine amino acids
                              1. Fruits
                                1. Vegetables
                            3. Micronutirents

                              Annotations:

                              • -do not give us energy -no calories
                              1. Minerals

                                Annotations:

                                • -organic compounds found in the Earth's crust that regulate your cells activities
                                1. Calcium
                                  1. Iron
                                    1. Sodium
                                    2. Vitamins

                                      Annotations:

                                      • -organic compounds necessary for normal brain function and growth
                                      1. Water Soluble

                                        Annotations:

                                        • -are not stored in the body and must be ingested each day -all vitamins are water soluble besides A, D, E, and K
                                        1. Fat Soluble

                                          Annotations:

                                          • -are stored in the body -not good for us in excess -do not need to be ingested every day -A, D, E, K
                                          1. A
                                            1. D
                                              1. E
                                                1. K
                                              2. Water

                                                Annotations:

                                                • -the body is 70% water -we have to drink a lot of water to keep ourselves hydrated
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