Romans overview 500BC-AD400

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Mind Map by meganowen8768, updated more than 1 year ago
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Mind Map on Romans overview 500BC-AD400, created by meganowen8768 on 10/13/2013.

Resource summary

Romans overview 500BC-AD400
1 Crimes and Punishments
1.1 Prison sentences were used to hold those awaiting trial
1.2 Over time Roman punishments became more violent, including amputations and death by pouring molten lead down the convicts throat
1.3 Crucifixion was used for Christian, jews and slaves, for those who refused to recognise the Emperor as a leader or god and so made an example of
1.4 Capital Punishment crimes included, Arson, Murder, Treason, Stealing farm animals or from the temple
1.4.1 Capital Punishments included, Crucifixion, burning at the stake and being sent to the gladiator rings
1.5 Corporal Punishment crimes included theft and under-weight breed
1.5.1 Corporal Punishment included, Flogging, Fines, exile and building/rebuilding buildings
1.6 Nobleman had the option to take the punishment of exile rather than execution as their social status allows them option towards their punishments
1.7 All slaves in a household were crucified if only one of them murdered or attempted murder towards their master.
1.7.1 They could present evidence at trial but had to be tortured first to have the status of citizenship which they could then present their evidence
1.8 Legionnaries who ran away from the battle field faced execution and the legions they came from 1 in 10 men were executed and chosen by lot to make an example of
2 Law of the Romans
2.1 Roman laws covered every aspect of Roman life
2.2 The Roman's law enforcement forces' main task was to punish
2.3 There were laws to make Roman towns a better place
2.3.1 Making sure householders kept the streets outside their homes clean and Dumping waste into rivers were crimes
2.4 First recorded laws were the Twelve tables
2.4.1 around 450BC
2.4.2 Children learnt them at school
3 Law enforcers
3.1 Originally there was no policing methods however as the Empire expanded Emperor Augustus set up forces to police Rome.
3.2 Vigiles (7000 men) - Their main duty was to prevent and put out fires
3.3 Urban Cohorts (3000 soldiers) - Their main job was to keep order in the streets by stopping riots
3.4 Praetorian Guards - The Emperor's household guards. They were used in emergencies to protect the Emperor
4 Reasons for Methods used
4.1 The Romans did try to solve the problems of crime
4.1.1 But did nothing to solve the problems of poverty and overcrowding which were the main root causes of the crimes
4.2 Executions were used because they were cheap and would frighten other away from crime especially if they were violent
4.3 Prisons were expensive to run so were only used for those awaiting trial as the government were scared that people would riot if they raised taxes
5 Boudicca's revolt
5.1 1. King of the Iceni died, the romans took land and looted homes
5.1.1 2. When Bouddica protested she was Flogged and her Daughter's raped
5.1.1.1 3. Bouddicca led a rebellion of the Iceni and other tribes joined her against the Romans
5.1.1.1.1 4. Suetonius Paulinus gathered an army of 10,000 men but were much smaller than the rebel's army.
5.1.1.1.1.1 He sacrificed London to gather more men
5.1.1.1.1.2 5. Boudicca's army raced to the attack but when they started to retreat they were trapped by their own families of spectators and their wagons
5.1.1.1.1.2.1 6. The Romans initial reactions were to slaughter the rebels and their families. However after this revolt they began to Romanise them and kill any who rebel
6 The Fall of the Romans
6.1 Reasons for the Collapse
6.1.1 Civil War -weak government
6.1.2 Failure to absorb non-roman immagrates
6.1.3 Clash of civilisation - was weakened by the Empire
6.1.4 Barbarian Invaders
6.1.5 Plague and disease
6.1.6 economy collapse
6.1.7 the romans were more interested in the entertainment of the colosseum and ampitheatres
6.2 Impact upon law and order
6.2.1 without the roman army to enforce the roman system failed to operate and civilisation ceased to exsist
6.2.2 Without the Roman legions defending the Roman provices, the barbarian tribes such as the anglo-saxons invaded the abandoned provinces and so they brought over their own laws and methods of policing
6.2.2.1 The legion left in AD410 due to the sacking of Rome in the 5th Century
6.2.3 Also, during the transition periods crime increased as this caused a time of lawlessness
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