Places and spaces

Mind Map by ibiorban, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by ibiorban over 6 years ago


K218 exam revision

Resource summary

Places and spaces
  1. shape social interactions
    1. enable practitioners to explore different standpoints
      1. children!s spaces
        1. make the first steps towards independence
          1. learn to be creative and flexible
            1. learn to negotiate risk, build self-esteem
              1. develop basic life skills
                1. domestication
                  1. relocation of children from external to internal protected spaces
                  2. insularisation
                    1. defined areas for children, detached from adult spaces
                    2. institutionalisation
                      1. greater imposition of boundaries and rules
                    3. public realm.
                      1. Children and young people are increasingly shut out of it
                        1. unhappy
                          1. unhealthy and frustrated
                            1. poor relationships with their family and peers,
                              1. feel unsafe
                              2. Facilities are poorly distributed
                                1. pressures on our built environment.
                                  1. professional practices.
                                    1. adult attitudes
                                    2. Children’s geographies
                                      1. spaces are experienced by different children and young people.
                                        1. small adjustments, taking account of micro-geographies, can change children’s and young people’s experiences of spaces, services and practices.
                                          1. Focault
                                            1. social institutions are connected through the supervision and surveillance of certain humans by others
                                              1. governmentality
                                              2. offered a way of thinking about the power relations of contemporary societies
                                                1. hierarchical, top-down power of the state
                                                  1. ways that social control is exerted through disciplinary institutions (schools, hospitals, psychiatric institutions, etc.).
                                                    1. relationship of power to knowledge
                                                    2. primary school dining rooms
                                                      1. Pike research
                                                        1. power and control are central to an analysis of childhood spaces.
                                                          1. how social control is exerted and resisted
                                                            1. practices which appear ‘normal’ and reasonable can be regarded differently
                                                        2. people, things, and ideas flow within and between spaces
                                                          1. Playground
                                                            1. where the social lives of children are played
                                                              1. where children’s culture, their games, their stories, their codes and their language are created.
                                                                1. its own set of social rules
                                                                2. can reproduce factors that contribute to the stratification of a society,
                                                                  1. Children and young people are able to contest, reject and influence the choices and places created by adults
                                                                    1. agency
                                                                      1. the capacity of individuals or social groups to exercise choice and the ability to act independently
                                                                    2. are related to the views that social groups hold about each other.
                                                                      1. moral panic
                                                                        1. hoodies
                                                                          1. clothing had been constructed as a symbol of threat by the press, politicians and even the police
                                                                      2. Designing and using spaces with children and young people
                                                                        1. The Evelina Children’s Hospital
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