Votes for Women Revision

Olivia Warren
Mind Map by Olivia Warren, updated more than 1 year ago
Olivia Warren
Created by Olivia Warren over 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Votes for Women Revision, created by Olivia Warren on 05/25/2015.

Resource summary

Votes for Women Revision
  1. why?
    1. oppertunities in work amd careers
      1. The rights of women in marriage - to be able to divorce
        1. to vote
          1. to be equal/have the same rights as men
          2. 1889: Women's Franchise League takes up rights of married women and campaigns for equality in divorce, inheritance and custody of children
            1. 1890's developments
            2. 1891:free and compulsary education for all W-C children up to 12
              1. 1894: Parish Council Act permits women to serve on councils
                1. 1896: Factory act ban children under 11 in factories. Women cannot be employed after 4 weeks of birth
                  1. 1897: NUWSS is formed
                    1. 1901: factory act reduces women's hours
                      1. Suffragists
                        1. peaceful
                          1. law-abiding
                            1. mainly middle class
                              1. by 1902 working class
                              2. 1897
                                1. over 500 brances
                                  1. first formed
                                  2. leader - Millicent Fawcett
                                    1. leaflets, petitions, organised meetings
                                      1. gained support of liberal MPs, some conservative MPs and Labour
                                        1. back bench liberals supporters but leaders were not
                                          1. worried if women got vote they'd vote conservative
                                            1. conservative like prospect of more votes but their backbenchers were opposed
                                      2. peaceful pilgramage
                                      3. Suffragetts
                                        1. violent
                                          1. not law-abiding
                                            1. frustated by lack of success
                                              1. 1903
                                                1. Emmeline Pankurst
                                                2. WSPU
                                                  1. radiacal and militant
                                                    1. Edith New chained herself to rainlings in downing street
                                                      1. threw stones at windows in downing street
                                                        1. set fire to churches and buildings
                                                        2. pankhurst and chstabel imprisioned after rushing house of commons
                                                          1. christabel, daughter, wrote a book 'the great scourge and how to end it'
                                                            1. married men used protitutes - caught STDs and infected their wives, causing suffering, VfW women self-reliant, stop expoiltation, clean living, high moral standards
                                                            2. others went to prison and went on hunger strikes
                                                              1. forcefed - brutal - won sympathy
                                                            3. wanting to make it a serious issue
                                                              1. to cause news to get it publisised
                                                              2. some sympathetic, some worried, some scornful
                                                                1. at first suffragists were proud but later did not like their violent actions and relationship was more strained
                                                                  1. Emily Davison
                                                                    1. educated
                                                                      1. 1st class honours at oxford - but couldnt take her degree as she was a woman
                                                                      2. born 1872 - died 8 june 1913
                                                                        1. joined WSPU in 1906
                                                                          1. full time militant suffragette from 1908
                                                                            1. acted on her own
                                                                          2. imprisoned 9 times, forcefed 49 times
                                                                            1. 1912 threw herself down stairs in prison - permanent injuries
                                                                            2. 4 june 1913 - fatally injured when she stepped infront of kings horse on derby day
                                                                              1. died 4 days later
                                                                                1. version of event 1 - committed suicide for womens sufferage - attention in most public area to draw attention - martyr
                                                                                  1. footage clearly shows she jumped out, arms wide open - head on
                                                                                  2. version of event 2 - publicity stunt gone wrong - publicity - attack suffragette banner to horse
                                                                                    1. was seen practicing stopping horses
                                                                              2. for
                                                                                1. women pay taxes like men
                                                                                  1. parliaments decisions affect both men and women
                                                                                    1. many uneducated working men can vote but well-educated, respectable women can't
                                                                                      1. special skills and expertise. help make better laws on education and the home
                                                                                        1. can already vote in local elections and serve as local gov bodies and ed committies. trusted and able
                                                                                          1. should be able to influence on how money is spent
                                                                                            1. increasing oppertunities in ed and work - vote should be next
                                                                                              1. spirtitual spine of nation, churchgoers, christain leadership
                                                                                                1. single or widowers share same responsibilites as me
                                                                                                2. against
                                                                                                  1. women are not rational - too emotional
                                                                                                    1. pure, protected from grubby world of politics
                                                                                                      1. middle-class women will have little interest in helpimg ordinary working people
                                                                                                        1. men and women have different interests and responsibilities
                                                                                                          1. women homemakers & mothers, men debate and take difficult dicisions
                                                                                                          2. do not fight in the war, so shouldn't have a say in whether country goes to war
                                                                                                            1. there are more pressing concerns eg ireland and trade unions
                                                                                                              1. giving vote to women means to all men including riffraff & layabots
                                                                                                                1. women would become hateful, heartlessand discusting, weaker sex
                                                                                                                  1. different spheres
                                                                                                                    1. views represented by husband
                                                                                                                    2. by 1914 approx 20% women workers in a union - similar to men
                                                                                                                      1. how effective were both campaigns up to 1914?
                                                                                                                        1. suffragettes
                                                                                                                          1. votes for women mag - circulation of approx 40,000 1914
                                                                                                                            1. clear and effective
                                                                                                                            2. striking posters and pamphlets - quite new
                                                                                                                              1. publicity - hyde park - boit sailed with flying flags and posters
                                                                                                                                1. made it impossible for them to be ignored - violent actions
                                                                                                                                  1. bravery, commitment - admiration
                                                                                                                                    1. treated roughly - forcefed - sympathy
                                                                                                                                  2. sympathy as individuls but not for cause - violence alienated support
                                                                                                                                    1. many left to join the suffragists
                                                                                                                                      1. orginally quite labour - then parted for some women with property
                                                                                                                                  3. Suffragists
                                                                                                                                    1. in branches they were also interested in trade unions, working conditions, charity and education
                                                                                                                                      1. more important than WSPU
                                                                                                                                        1. developed large organisations - over 500 branched and approx 100,000 members
                                                                                                                                          1. excellent organisation
                                                                                                                                        2. able to convince labour party and used their fame to publise to labour party
                                                                                                                                          1. they were filmed - important for publicity of movement - dignified, organiesd, impressive
                                                                                                                                          2. both abandon their campaign to help war effort
                                                                                                                                          3. 1918 - 14 dec women over 30 can vote in general election
                                                                                                                                            1. women over 30 can become MPs
                                                                                                                                            2. 1928 voting age for women 21
                                                                                                                                              1. WW1
                                                                                                                                                1. political
                                                                                                                                                  1. coalition gov
                                                                                                                                                    1. supporters of VFW
                                                                                                                                                      1. David Lloyd George
                                                                                                                                                  2. joined army
                                                                                                                                                    1. made munition
                                                                                                                                                      1. replaced men in work place
                                                                                                                                                        1. proved to be equal
                                                                                                                                                          1. bus conductors, taxi drivers, dock workers, shop assitants etc
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