Women and child labour

kirsty-marie-bar
Mind Map by kirsty-marie-bar, updated more than 1 year ago
kirsty-marie-bar
Created by kirsty-marie-bar about 6 years ago
3
0

Description

shows key facts and historiography for women and children during British industrial revolution 1750-1850

Resource summary

Women and child labour
  1. Key Facts - children
    1. 1851: 2% of 5-9 year olds worked, 30% 10-14
      1. 35% boys 10-14 worked in agriculture
        1. 25% of girls 10-14 worked in domestic service
          1. 31% of miners in Durham and Northumberland were 18 in 1841
            1. Traditional work: 17% boys
              1. Traditional work: 23% girls
                1. Factory act 1833
                  1. Mines act 1842
                  2. Key facts - women
                    1. 1830s 65,000 working women, 3/4 unmarried 15-21, 1/4 married
                      1. women received 40-60% of mens wages
                        1. BERG - 1818 more than 1/2 the cotton workers in England and Wales were female
                        2. IR exploited child labour
                          1. THOMPSON - victimhood + exploitment, shameful event in our history
                            1. PINCHBECK + HEWITT - Child labour peaked in early factories
                              1. HONEYMAN - Labour supplied from orphaned children in East end of London
                                1. HUMPHRIES - Child labour occurred at 'astonishing levels'
                                2. IR did not exploit the use of child labour
                                  1. CHALONER - exaggerated bias and politically motivated (parliamentray papers)
                                    1. NARDINELLI - beneficial as education was limited so provided children with opportunites
                                      1. HARTWELL + COLEMAN - contemporaries did not share ethical concerns
                                        1. HUMPHRIES - children had to work as families did not have enough income
                                          1. KIRBY - predated IR as used to work in agriculture
                                            1. HONEYMAN - child labour was essential in early cotton factories
                                            2. IR created working opportunities for women
                                              1. BERG - women/children more amenable to factory discipline, more dexterity
                                                1. McKendrick - active in workplace and drove consumer society
                                                  1. Sharpe - as middle class increase, more need for domestic servants
                                                  2. IR reduced working opportunities for women
                                                    1. PINCHBECK - opportunites were available, they fell in the 19th C.
                                                      1. SNELL + ALLEN - opportunities fell after 1820 especially in agriculture
                                                        1. ROSE, VALENZE + MINOLETTI - Patriarchal ideology + 'separate spheres'
                                                          1. BURNETTE - economic/biological factors
                                                          Show full summary Hide full summary

                                                          Similar

                                                          History of Medicine: Ancient Ideas
                                                          James McConnell
                                                          GCSE History – Social Impact of the Nazi State in 1945
                                                          Ben C
                                                          Weimar Revision
                                                          Tom Mitchell
                                                          Conferences of the Cold War
                                                          Alina A
                                                          Using GoConqr to study History
                                                          Sarah Egan
                                                          Hitler and the Nazi Party (1919-23)
                                                          Adam Collinge
                                                          The Berlin Crisis
                                                          Alina A
                                                          Bay of Pigs Invasion : April 1961
                                                          Alina A
                                                          Germany 1918-39
                                                          Cam Burke
                                                          History- Medicine through time key figures
                                                          gemma.bell
                                                          The Weimar Republic, 1919-1929
                                                          shann.w