Sustainable Development

stella.kalis
Mind Map by stella.kalis, updated more than 1 year ago
stella.kalis
Created by stella.kalis about 6 years ago
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Description

ENVM2200 Revision

Resource summary

Sustainable Development
  1. Myths
    1. abundance
      1. inexhaustability
        1. belief in substitution
          1. nation on the move from depleted areas
            1. "Anything goes" for nation's growth
            2. classification
              1. Strong
                1. No net loss of natural capital
                2. Weak
                  1. substitution of natural capital for manufactured / human capital
                3. externalities
                  1. principles
                    1. ecological
                      1. economic
                        1. social
                        2. natural capitalism
                          1. radical resource productivity
                            1. biomimicry
                              1. service & flow econ
                                1. invest in natural capital
                                2. Implications for Practitioners
                                  1. complex systems
                                    1. many stakeholders
                                    2. Higher Levels
                                      1. State
                                        1. Regional
                                          1. Local
                                            1. Planning Scheme (Strategy Plan)
                                            2. Definition
                                              1. New Regionalism
                                                1. NRM Regions
                                                  1. statutory regions
                                              2. Resources
                                                1. systems thinking
                                                  1. ecosystem services
                                                    1. DEFN: The benefits people obtain from ecosystems
                                                      1. Provisioning: food, water, timber
                                                        1. Regulation of: climate, flood, disease, wastes, water quality
                                                          1. Supporting: soil fermentation, photosynthesis, nutrient cycling
                                                            1. Cultural: recreational, aesthetic, spiritual
                                                            2. typologies
                                                              1. Use Values
                                                                1. Direct Use of Outputs: crops, timber
                                                                  1. Ecological Function Value: Flood control, climate
                                                                    1. Option Values
                                                                    2. Non-Use Values
                                                                      1. Existence Values
                                                                        1. Bequest Values
                                                                      2. classification
                                                                        1. characteristics
                                                                          1. Subjective
                                                                            1. Relative: (time, tech, culture, politics, econ)
                                                                              1. Functional: (SD not just econ growth)
                                                                              2. DEFN: physical / abiotic or human / biotic; capable of use, to fulful human needs / wants. Placed in a social, economic, cultural, political, administrative and technological context
                                                                                1. Biodiversity
                                                                                  1. Implementation Tools
                                                                                    1. Planning
                                                                                      1. Roles / Responsibilites
                                                                                        1. Meaning
                                                                                          1. Management of
                                                                                            1. ...The Future
                                                                                              1. Integration
                                                                                                1. Strategic Committment
                                                                                                  1. Systems Thinking
                                                                                                    1. Evidence based decision making
                                                                                                      1. convergent approaches
                                                                                                      2. SPA: seek to achieve ecological sustainability by:
                                                                                                        1. a) managing process of development
                                                                                                          1. b) managing the effects of development on the environment
                                                                                                            1. c) coordination & integration of planning at the local, regional and State levels
                                                                                                          2. Regulation
                                                                                                            1. Protected Areas (PAs)
                                                                                                              1. Governance
                                                                                                                1. NRS: Gaps / Framework
                                                                                                                  1. Management
                                                                                                                    1. Joint Management (JM)
                                                                                                                      1. integrates gov and community - land owned by Ind. leased to gov
                                                                                                                        1. many stakeholders integreated
                                                                                                                          1. board of mgmt
                                                                                                                            1. cooperative mgmt betw land owners and park mgmt
                                                                                                                            2. Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs)
                                                                                                                          2. NCA: Protects listed Flora and Fauna and defines PAs
                                                                                                                            1. VMA: protects veg in Qld freehold & leasehold
                                                                                                                              1. EPA: protects env. from environmental harm
                                                                                                                              2. Education / Awareness incl. MBI's
                                                                                                                                1. Instruments
                                                                                                                                  1. Communication strategies
                                                                                                                                  2. Property Rights
                                                                                                                                    1. Instruments
                                                                                                                                      1. purchase land
                                                                                                                                        1. inherit / donate
                                                                                                                                          1. native title
                                                                                                                                            1. covenants over properties
                                                                                                                                              1. voluntary agmts
                                                                                                                                                1. exclusive use rights (Ind agmts)
                                                                                                                                                  1. crown rights on title
                                                                                                                                                    1. Purchase of land and lease back
                                                                                                                                                      1. TUMRAs
                                                                                                                                                  2. bioregional planning (Bioregions and RE's)
                                                                                                                                                    1. defined by its people, many land uses, contains 1 whole ecosystem
                                                                                                                                                      1. Bioregion = based on landscape patterns
                                                                                                                                                        1. Regional Ecosystem = veg community in a vioregion consistently associated with a particular combination of geology, landform soil.
                                                                                                                                                        2. Pressures
                                                                                                                                                          1. Connectivity
                                                                                                                                                            1. Assessment
                                                                                                                                                              1. Values
                                                                                                                                                                1. ethical values
                                                                                                                                                                  1. social / cultural
                                                                                                                                                                    1. production services
                                                                                                                                                                      1. regulation service
                                                                                                                                                                        1. Preservation of options
                                                                                                                                                                          1. ecosystem services
                                                                                                                                                                          2. DEFN: variety of life & its processes; incl the variety of living organisms, the genetic differences among them, the communities & ecosystems in which they occur & the landscapes or regions of which they are a part.
                                                                                                                                                                            1. Components
                                                                                                                                                                              1. Genetic
                                                                                                                                                                                1. Species
                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Ecosystem
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Regional
                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Threats
                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Habitat loss & degradation
                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Introduction and spread of Invasive Species
                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Over-exploitation of natural resources
                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Pollution and diseases
                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Human induced climate change
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