Ideologies of Rule

studyhani
Mind Map by studyhani, updated more than 1 year ago
studyhani
Created by studyhani over 6 years ago
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Ideologies of Rule
  1. Sir William Jones
    1. Founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1784
      1. a polymath who worked closely with Indian scholars
        1. discovered that Sanskrit, Greek, Persian and Latin all shared common roots
        2. Orientalism
          1. Jones' ideology
            1. sought to capture and preserve India as it was at its height
          2. James Mill
            1. father of John Stuart Mill
              1. never came to India but him and his son worked for the company all their lives
              2. Utilitarian follower of Jeremy Bentham
                1. Utilitarianism is the belief that the purpose of the goverment was the greatest happiness of the greatest number
                2. Indian languages and law were stagnant, superstitious and irregular the needed to be replaced
                  1. explained view in History of British India (1818)
                3. Thomas Babington Macaulay
                  1. Utilitarian
                    1. advocated for teaching Indians in English
                      1. promoted Anglicism
                        1. thought Indians need to reject all Indian norms, practices, and languages to be successful
                          1. defamed Indian literature
                            1. sought to create Indians who were "English in taste, in opinions, in morals, and in intellect"
                          2. Company forbade missionaries from entering its territories
                            1. 1st American missionary to come to India around 1812
                              1. promptly imprisoned when he landed at Madras
                              2. William Carey
                                1. Baptist missionary worked from Danish Settlement of Serampore
                                2. conversions were small
                                  1. Missionary Influences
                                    1. Missionary schools educated children
                                      1. Christian critiques of Hinduism prompted spirited debates, defenses and reflection
                                      2. 1813, relaxed ban
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