The Legal Revolution- Phase One

Mind Map by OnlyALeapAndABound, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by OnlyALeapAndABound over 6 years ago


Phase one of Hitler's consolidation to power

Resource summary

The Legal Revolution- Phase One
1 Step One- 30th of January 1933
1.1 Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
1.2 Leader of the largest party in the Reichstag (They had 196 seats at that time)
1.3 Germany was beguinning to recover from the Great Depression
1.4 Opposition to Hitler was weak and undivided
2 His obstacles still to overcome
2.1 Hindeberg was sill more powerful than Hitler
2.1.1 Article 48 was till up his sleeve
2.1.2 The army were loyal to Hindenburg
2.2 The Reichstag
2.2.1 Didn't have 50% of votes
2.2.2 Socialists, Communists,Nationalists and the Liberals
2.2.3 The cabinet. 17 members, 3 Nazis'
2.3 Von Papen promised Hindenburg to watch Hitler
2.4 Trade Unions, Gave power to the working class
2.5 Provincial Parliaments, 17 Provinces, each has it's own Parliament
3 The Reichstag Fire- 27th February 1933
3.1 Hitler called for fresh elections after becoming Chancellor. Increased support.
3.2 Dis-credit left wing and exploit Communists and they had to co-rule with another party.
3.3 Hitler used Prussia to get support through Goering (66%). SA officer
3.4 Cencorship
3.5 Marinus Van der Lubbe (Communist Leader) was found on scene; blamed, arrested, and found guilty
3.6 Hitler exploited Hitler's fears
3.7 44% of votes (288 seats)
4 General Election (5th March 1933
4.1 Nazis' Communists hated Weimar, Centre Party supported the Republic (Catholic Party), Social Democrats supported the Weimar Republic
4.2 Communists decreased
4.2.1 100 down to 81 seats
4.3 Highest Nazi vote ever obtained
4.4 No parliamentary majority
4.5 Still very short of the 67%
4.5.1 Enabling Law
5 The day of Potsdam- 21st March 1933
5.1 Didn't have 67% so he needed the support of the ZP and SPD
5.2 Religous service mark opening of new parliament
5.3 Marriage of the old and new- The Kaiserreich and the Nazi Regime.
5.3.1 2nd and 3rd
5.4 Used knowledge to appease the two groups by using German history and saying he would protect the Church
6 The Passing of the Enabling Law- 23rd of March 1933
6.1 Total control on forming laws and no need to check in with the Reichstag to pass them
6.2 Four years
6.3 Communists members in jail, he needed the ZP
6.3.1 Promised he'd abolish the 'Protection of People and State' so they agreed
6.4 Social Democrats voted against him
6.5 Act as a dictator
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