PE Revision

Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

GCSE PE Mind Map on PE Revision, created by sib_tgara on 10/23/2013.

Created by sib_tgara about 6 years ago
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PE Revision
1 Health and Physical Activity
1.1 Physical
1.1.1 Fitness To loose weight To improve fitness To get greater muscle definition improve muscular endurance
1.1.2 Health Reduce chance of osteoperosis Reduce chance of Coronary Heart Disease Helps you recover from illness quickly
1.2 Social
1.2.1 Make friends
1.2.2 Learn co-operation
1.2.3 Meeting people
1.3 Mental (Psychological)
1.3.1 Relieves stress by providing a distraction
1.3.2 Challenge
1.3.3 Improve self esteem Releases serotonin - "feel good"
1.3.4 Increase confidence
2 Influence on Sport
2.1 People
2.1.1 Parents- pay for your memberships and equipment
2.1.2 Friends- if they don't enjoy the sport
2.1.3 Family- may encourage one sport more than another if they also participate in it
2.1.4 Role models in sport portrayed as good, however if they make a mistake their image and the image of their sport is tainted
2.2 Image
2.2.1 Media - coverage on TV, how the media portrays sport
2.2.2 Fashion - Do the clothes associated with the sport look nice?
2.3 Culture
2.3.1 Gender- some sports are labelled as 'male' sports
2.3.2 Race- some ethnic groups have a particular interest in a sport.
2.3.3 Age- Different sports are targeted at different age groups. 70+ years old might prefer golf or boules to sprinting
2.3.4 Disability- Disabled people will take part in sports that can be adapted to suit their needs or disability like wheelchair tennis
2.4 Resources
2.4.1 Availability - are sporting clubs available for you to attend?
2.4.2 Access - Are the facilities or is the equipment easily accessible by the performer Cost, Age requirements, physical barriers
2.4.3 Time - Does the person have the time to take part in sport?
2.4.4 Location - Is the sporting facility close or far away from where you live?
2.5 Health and Wellbeing and Socio-economic
2.5.1 People in good health will be well motivated to participate in sport. Even a cold can discourage us from being active.
2.5.2 Is the sport affordable? What is the perceived status of the sport?
3 Drugs in Sport
3.1 Anabolic Steroids
3.1.1 Speed up recovery time
3.1.2 Increase Protein synthesis (muscle growth)
3.1.3 Allows them to train harder
3.1.4 Liver damage
3.1.5 Testicular Atrophy
3.1.6 Skin problems (Acne)
3.1.7 Aggression Mood Swings
3.1.8 Hair loss
3.2 Narcotic Analgesics
3.2.1 Vomiting
3.2.2 Loss of concentratino
3.2.3 Pure pain relief
3.3 Recreational Drugs
3.3.1 Taken for enjoyment
3.3.2 Alcohol Slow reaction time Increased weight Loss of concentration Loss of coordination
3.3.3 Smoking Breathlessness Reduces Oxygen Carrying Capacity
3.4 Peptide Hormones
3.4.1 Human Growth Hormone (HGH) increases muscle mass Arthritis Heart Failure Diabetes
3.4.2 Erythropoietin (EPO) Increases red blood cells High blood viscosity Blood Clots and Strokes High risk of Heart failure
3.5 Beta blockers
3.5.1 Used to treat illnesses to do with the heart and lower blood pressure by blocking adrenaline
3.5.2 Reduce Muscle tremor
3.5.3 Have a calming effect
3.5.4 Reduce anxiety
3.5.5 Allow performer to remain in controll
3.5.6 Reduce heart rate
3.5.7 Lower Blood Pressure
3.5.8 Insomnia (lack of sleep)
4 Sports Participation Pyramid

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