Collapse of the Tsarist Regime

Mind Map by jennawena, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by jennawena over 6 years ago


purely from the notes I got from my teacher.. Tsar Nicholas the second and events leading up to it

Resource summary

Collapse of the Tsarist Regime
  1. Pressures of War
    1. Industrialisation
      1. The Society Before
        1. Variety of nationalities, no sense of national identity
          1. Constant demands for independence
          2. The Country side
            1. Peasants did not own land, and so they were property of their Landowners
              1. Peasants were subjected to a form of salvery know as "SERFDOM"
                1. in 1861, serfs were freed and allowed to have some land
                  1. it was not enough land to make a decent living.
              2. Village elders gained control over the lives of individual peasants
                1. Russia could provide food but...
                  1. Bad harvests = Famine.
                    1. Also no crop rotation
                  2. Agriculture needed modernisation
                    1. population growing fast, not enough land
                  3. Landowners
                    1. most important and influential
                      1. provided the local government
                        1. acted as the link between common people and the tsar
                          1. But their position was becoming less secure, as tension increased between peasant and owner - they wanted land for themselves
                        2. Many landowners ran their estates inefficiently & fritted away their wealth.
                          1. local councils (zemstvos), pressed the Tsar for reforms
                          2. The Cities
                            1. Witte became Finance Minister in !892
                          3. Tsar Nicholas ll
                            1. Absolute Ruler
                              1. Russia's Ministry was chosen by him, and only answerable to him
                              2. Local governement was also chosen by the tsar, that way he could keep and eye on them
                                1. Ruled in a harsh and repressive manner.
                                  1. To prevent Russia from Falling into Anarchy.
                                    1. Crushed any sign of dissent or opposition
                                  2. "What is going to happen to me and all of Russia? I am not prepared to be a Tsar. I never wanted to become one. I know nothing of the businesss of ruling."
                                    1. Reaction of Nicholas ll after his fathers death. _reluctant already.
                                    2. Indecisive and found it hard to concentrate
                                      1. Unable to respond the pressures for change
                                        1. Saw Modernisation as a threat
                                          1. The country needed a flexible and imaginative leader
                                        2. Russian Orthodox Church
                                          1. Deeply Religious
                                            1. Helped with upholding authority, in return they gained political influence
                                              1. Due to size and diverse population, not the entire country belonged to the church
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                                              6. New Economic Policy (NEP)
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                                              5. War Communism
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