Canada's Federal Government


Mind Map on Canada's Federal Government, created by ammarah101 on 10/26/2013.
Mind Map by ammarah101, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by ammarah101 over 9 years ago

Resource summary

Canada's Federal Government
  1. Constitution
    1. BNA Act of 1867
      1. Can pass laws, but with Britain's permission
      2. 1931-Statute of Westminster
        1. Gained full autonomy and became fully independant
      3. Governor General
        1. formality
          1. Royal Assent
            1. Legislative Branch
              1. Make laws
                1. House of Commons
                  1. Lower house
                    1. Study bills 1st
                      1. Amend or change
                        1. Debate and vote
                      2. Governing party
                        1. Party in power
                          1. Majority
                            1. Governing party gets 50% or more seats
                              1. Easier to pass laws
                            2. Minority
                              1. Governing party gets most seats, but other parties combined are more than 50%
                                1. Official opposition and other parties can combine together and act as one opposition party
                                  1. Harder to pass laws for governing party and if law does`nt pass than governing party has to resign
                                    1. Responsible government
                                      1. Governing party and PM have support of H.O.C., but if bill not given majority vote they must resign
                                        1. Vote of non-confidence
                            3. Representative government
                              1. Elections held + each riding sends 1 elected representative to H.O.C
                            4. Opposition
                              1. Make life hard
                                1. Question governing party
                                  1. 2nd most seats during election
                                    1. debate bills to ensure gov. being effective + representing ALL Canadians
                                2. 308 seats for MPs
                                  1. 1 MP=1 riding
                                  2. Independant candidate
                                    1. No party affiliation
                                    2. Create legislation and keep governing party + cabinet accountable
                                      1. Popular vote- total support political parties win during election, regardless winning riding
                                      2. Senate
                                        1. Upper house
                                          1. Study bills last
                                            1. Examine bills
                                              1. Amend or change
                                            2. Senators
                                              1. Paid a lot $$$
                                                1. Retire at age 75
                                                  1. Can come up with ideas for law, but not including $$$
                                                    1. Have to own lots property and $$$
                                                      1. Some political experience
                                                        1. Canadian and +30 yrs. old
                                                          1. Represent minorities
                                                            1. Appointed by region or division which is represented equally except territories
                                                            2. Appointed by PM, not elected
                                                              1. Triple E- Equal, Elected, Effective
                                                              2. Give "sober second thought"
                                                              3. Represent all Canadians' interests and rights
                                                              4. Executive Branch
                                                                1. Prime Minister
                                                                  1. Leader of governing party
                                                                    1. elected in his or her riding
                                                                      1. riding or constituency= geographical regions represented by a politician
                                                                      2. convinces cabinet about new proposal
                                                                        1. Cabinet
                                                                          1. Civil Service
                                                                            1. Public Service
                                                                              1. Not military,judicial, or legislative
                                                                                1. Civil Servants
                                                                                  1. Work for government
                                                                                    1. Party Discipline
                                                                                2. 39 departments/portfolios
                                                                                  1. 39 Cabinet Ministers
                                                                                    1. 1 in charge of ea. department
                                                                                      1. Appointed by PM
                                                                                    2. Still MPs
                                                                                    3. Appoints
                                                                                    4. Propose bill to House of Commons
                                                                                      1. Propose laws
                                                                                        1. Run day-day governing of country
                                                                                      2. Judicial Branch
                                                                                        1. apply and interprets laws
                                                                                          1. Family Rules
                                                                                            1. Civic court
                                                                                              1. Provincial Court
                                                                                                1. Federal Court
                                                                                                  1. Supreme Court
                                                                                                    1. HIGHEST court of Canada
                                                                                                      1. Last resort and has final words
                                                                                                        1. Concerned with issues that affect ALL citizens or if someone`s rights are not met
                                                                                                          1. 9 judges from different regions
                                                                                                            1. Judge retires, PM and cabinet nominate judge,then go through review by committee of MPs
                                                                                                              1. 3 Ontario + Quebec, 1 Atlantic, 2 Western provinces
                                                                                                                1. Not politicians
                                                                                                                  1. highly respected and experienced
                                                                                                                    1. members from legal proffessions
                                                                                                                    2. Use charter of rights and freedoms to make legal judgements
                                                                                                                      1. Highest federal court
                                                                                                                        1. Always has uneven number of judges to prevent tied decisions
                                                                                                                          1. Issues of criminal process, equality, discrimination, and social questions
                                                                                                                      2. City court
                                                                                                                        1. Local matters with easier solutions
                                                                                                                      3. Different from other branches, acts as check on their powers
                                                                                                                        1. Responsibility of making sure rights of citizens respected
                                                                                                                          1. Watchdog
                                                                                                                            1. Federal Accountability Act
                                                                                                                              1. Responsible and accountable spending by gov.
                                                                                                                                1. Protection for gov. employees who `blow the whistles` on wrongdoing within civil service
                                                                                                                                  1. More info. on activities of lobbyists
                                                                                                                                    1. Lobbyists paid to represent of particular industries
                                                                                                                              2. Consult when new bills created
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