Powers and Functions of the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha

Snehal M
Mind Map by Snehal M, updated more than 1 year ago
Snehal M
Created by Snehal M about 6 years ago
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Powers and Functions of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha - Civics-Union Legislature- Total History and Civics for class 10

Resource summary

Powers and Functions of the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha
  1. Legislative Powers
    1. Matters in the Union List

      Annotations:

      • 97 subjects- Defence, communications, foreign policy, etc
      1. Matters in the Concurrent list

        Annotations:

        • 47 Subjects- working with the state legislature on certain subjects. Union will prevail in case of conflict
        1. Residuary Powers

          Annotations:

          • Can make laws on matters not mentioned in any list
          1. Matters in the State List

            Annotations:

            • Can make laws on matters in the state list: 1. during emergency 2. Rajya Sabha - state matter has gained national importance 3. 2+ states feel parliament must legislate on any state subject- act will be passed applicable to only those states
            1. Ordinances

              Annotations:

              • President- promulgate ordinances when parliament not in session.
              1. Powers during Emergency

                Annotations:

                • Parliament becomes legislature in the state concerned and assumes all powers, including the financial powers of passing the State Budget
              2. Financial Powers
                1. Budget

                  Annotations:

                  • Passes the Union Budget
                  1. Supplementary Grants

                    Annotations:

                    • Can make a fresh demand for a supplementary grant in case the provided revenue is insufficient
                    1. Vote on Account

                      Annotations:

                      • authorizing Executive to draw funds from the consolidated fund till budget is passed
                      1. Salaries

                        Annotations:

                        • salarie and allowances of the MPs and Ministers are determined by the Parliament
                        1. Permission for Taxes

                          Annotations:

                          •   1. Money bills can only originate in the Lok Sabha 2. Rajya Sabha takes it for considerationa and can make suggestions but must return it in 14 days 3. LS may or may not accept suggestions
                        2. Control over the Executive
                          1. Interpellation

                            Annotations:

                            • Question Hour, Calling Attention Notices and Half an Hour Discussions. QUestions asked to obtain info abt. matters of Public importance
                            1. Vote of No-confidence

                              Annotations:

                              • Vote of no-confidence against PM or Ministry or any specific member
                              1. Adjournment Motion

                                Annotations:

                                • Censuring Acts of Omission and Commission
                                1. Other Motions of Censure

                                  Annotations:

                                  • Motions of Censure against a minister, rejection of Government Bill, 
                                  1. Monetary Controls

                                    Annotations:

                                    • ensuring the public money is spent on in accordance with parilaments decision
                                  2. Judicial Powers
                                    1. Impeachment of the President

                                      Annotations:

                                      • House may frame charges aginst president- if resolution is passed with 2.3rd majority - IMPEACHED
                                      1. Removal of Judges

                                        Annotations:

                                        • if found guilty of violating provisions of Constitutions
                                        1. Punishment

                                          Annotations:

                                          • can punish a person for obstructing or disrespecting work done by the parliament
                                        2. Electoral Functions

                                          Annotations:

                                          • 1. Parliament along with State Legislatures elect president 2. Vice P is elected by the Parliament 3. electing Speaker, Dept. Speaker and Dept. Chairman
                                          1. Amendment of the Constitution

                                            Annotations:

                                            • amendment must be passed by each house  by 2/3rds majority
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