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2nd Language Acquisition Theorists

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2nd language acquisition mind map
bryantt6
Mind Map by bryantt6, updated more than 1 year ago
bryantt6
Created by bryantt6 over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

2nd Language Acquisition Theorists
  1. B.F. Skinner
    1. Behaviorism
      1. states that any human behavior can be learned through a process of stimulus, response, and positive or negative reinforcement
        1. The object is to make the desired behavior become a habit, performed spntaneously
          1. In the classroom, a teacher can use positive reinforcement by praising correct usage of grammar. This will motivate the student to continue to use correct grammar.
    2. R.C. Anderson
      1. Adaptive Control of Thought (ACT)
        1. States that intelligence is the gathering together and fine-tuning many small units of knowledge that in total produce complex thinking
          1. This theory seems to fit well with learning a second language as there are many components to learning a language, all of which take time to learn and produce a fluent speaker.
      2. Sue Gass
        1. Social Interaction
          1. States that interaction facilitates learning of the second language
            1. Teachers can support group activities and discussions to engage interactions
          2. Steven Krasher
            1. The Natural Approach
              1. The learner acquires speech in a natural way and applies it to speech unconsciously
                1. A monitor aids to correct inappropriate grammar
                  1. In the classroom, a teacher allows the student to naturally use acquired speech and helps to correct if needed
              2. Leonard Bloomfield
                1. Audiolingual Approach
                    1. Many Repetitions of the second language with positive and negative reinforcement
                      1. In a classroom, the teacher can ask the class to repeat words and phrases after she says them
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