The Battle of Hastings

clhalliday
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Information about the Battle of Hastings for essay writing

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clhalliday
Created by clhalliday about 6 years ago
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The Battle of Hastings
1 People
1.1 Anglo-Saxon Army
1.1.1 Fyrd
1.1.1.1 Part time soldiers, called up when country in danger
1.1.2 Housecarls
1.1.2.1 Full time pro soldiers, were well trained, paid
1.1.3 William of Normandy
1.2 Norman Army
1.2.1 All highly trained and full time pro soldiers
1.2.1.1 Horsemen/Cavalry
1.2.1.2 Archers
1.2.1.3 Footsoldiers/ Spearmen
1.2.2 King Harold Godwin
2 Places
2.1 Battlefield
2.1.1 English
2.1.1.1 House carls
2.1.1.1.1 Middle of shield wall
2.1.1.2 Fyrds
2.1.1.2.1 Edges of shield wall
2.1.1.3 army
2.1.1.3.1 Senlac hill
2.1.1.3.1.1 good defensive position
2.1.2 Normans
2.1.2.1 Archers
2.1.2.1.1 at front of army
2.1.2.2 Spearmen and foot soldiers
2.1.2.2.1 behind archers
2.1.2.3 Horse men
2.1.2.3.1 Back of army
2.1.3 Marshes
2.1.3.1 unsuitable for horsemen
2.1.4 River
3 Events
3.1 Before battle
3.1.1 English
3.1.1.1 Didn't sleep
3.1.1.2 Drank and sang all night
3.1.2 Normans
3.1.2.1 Prayed night before
3.1.2.2 Church in morning
3.2 Heading to battle
3.2.1 English
3.2.1.1 Marched on foot
3.2.1.2 battle axes
3.2.1.3 joined shields for protection
3.2.2 Normans
3.2.2.1 Foot soldiers at front
3.2.2.2 bows and arrows
3.2.2.3 cavalry at back
3.3 Start of battle
3.3.1 blowing of trumpets
3.3.1.1 announced start for both sides
3.3.2 Normans
3.3.2.1 First to attack
3.3.3 English
3.3.3.1 Threw javelins and missiles
3.3.3.2 attacked enemy with axes
3.3.3.3 advantages
3.3.3.3.1 high position
3.3.3.3.2 massed tightly together
3.3.3.3.3 weapons cut through shields easily
3.3.4 Sat 14th Oct
3.4 During battle
3.4.1 William
3.4.1.1 encouraged soldiers by shouting
3.4.1.2 fierce
3.4.1.3 first to attack
3.4.1.4 fought in middle of enemy
3.4.2 Harold
3.4.2.1 brave
3.4.2.2 fought like soldier
3.4.2.3 killed many enemy close up
3.4.2.4 normans feared him
3.4.3 even for several hours
3.4.4 Normans
3.4.4.1 Thought Duke was dead
3.4.4.1.1 he showed he was still alive
3.4.4.2 Cunning plans
3.4.4.2.1 Fake retreats twice
3.4.4.2.1.1 pretended to run away
3.4.4.2.1.1.1 english ran at them then normans turned and fought
3.4.4.2.2 Archers
3.4.4.2.2.1 Aimed high to distract saxons
3.4.4.2.2.1.1 William led another charge
3.4.4.2.2.1.1.1 Shield wall collapses
3.4.4.2.2.1.1.1.1 Harolds brothers killed
3.4.4.2.2.1.1.1.1.1 William sends hit squad to kill Harold
3.4.4.2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Harold killed by long range bow above right eye
3.5 Aftermath
3.5.1 Harold and brothers dead
3.5.1.1 Saxon army lose heart and run away
3.5.1.1.1 Normans chased them until night fall
3.5.1.1.1.1 William and Normans win

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