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English Language - Word Classes

Description

This is a mind map of the different word classifications in the English language.
stellapips
Mind Map by stellapips, updated more than 1 year ago
stellapips
Created by stellapips over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

English Language - Word Classes
  1. Verb - actions, events and states
    1. Main - actions, events and states; usually followed by objects
      1. Copular - not followed by objects, by phrases about subject
        1. Auxiliary - come before main verbs
          1. Primary auxiliary verb - most used (be, do, have)
          2. Modal - describe degree of certainty or necessity
            1. Modal verb of necessity - a recommendation
              1. Modal verb of obligation - a demand
                1. Modal verb of possibility - a suggestion
                2. Imperatives - commands
                  1. Finite - definite relation to subject or noun, main verb, only in past/present tense, can indicate active/passive voice and quantity
                    1. Non-finite - no relation to subject or noun, no indication of tense, mood or gender, often act as other classes
                      1. Gerund - verb as noun
                        1. Infinitive - verb with 'to'
                          1. Participle - verb as adjective, -ing or -ed ending
                          2. Dynamic - refers to a physical action or event
                            1. Intransitive verb - can stand alone
                              1. Phrasal verb - an action, event or state expressed in a phrase (informal)
                                1. Progressive verb form - a verb with -ing at the end
                                  1. Transitive verb - requires an object to make sense
                                    1. Simple verb form - a verb by itself
                                      1. Stative verb - refers to a state
                                      2. Noun - Object, Person, Place or Idea
                                        1. Common - everyday, general noun
                                          1. Proper - naming a specific place or thing
                                            1. Concrete - something you can touch or see
                                              1. Abstract - opposite of concrete
                                                1. Countable - with plural
                                                  1. Uncountable - no plural
                                                    1. Regular - add 's' when plural
                                                      1. Irregular - word changes when plural
                                                        1. Collective - includes more than one thing
                                                          1. Compound - multiple nouns in one word
                                                            1. Open
                                                              1. Hyphenated
                                                                1. Closed
                                                                2. Pronoun - referring to a person
                                                                  1. Personal - only 1st/2nd person Person - all 'persons'
                                                                    1. 1st person - I, Me, Mine, We , Us Our
                                                                      1. 2nd person - You, Your
                                                                        1. Singular
                                                                          1. Subject - actor in verb process
                                                                            1. Object - affected by verb process
                                                                              1. Plural
                                                                              2. Possessive - demonstrates ownership
                                                                                1. Reflexive - used when subject and object are the same
                                                                                  1. Demonstrative - identifies objects
                                                                                    1. Relative - Refers to a previously used noun and introduces relative clauses
                                                                                      1. Indefinite - not specifying a person
                                                                                      2. Gerund - verby noun
                                                                                      3. Adjective - describes a noun
                                                                                        1. Pre-modifying - before the noun
                                                                                          1. Post-modifying - after the noun
                                                                                            1. Possessive - describes belonging
                                                                                              1. Qualitative - describes noun's qualities
                                                                                                1. Comparative - compares two or more ideas
                                                                                                  1. Superlative - describes something as the most
                                                                                                  2. Demonstrative - identifies objects
                                                                                                    1. Quantitative - describes quantity
                                                                                                    2. Adverb - describes an action, event or state
                                                                                                      1. Adverb of degree - describes the extent to which a verb happens
                                                                                                        1. Adverb of frequency - describes how often a verb happens
                                                                                                          1. Adverb of manner - describes how a verb happens
                                                                                                            1. Adverb of place - describes where a verb happens
                                                                                                              1. Adverb of time - describes when a verb happens
                                                                                                              2. Conjunction - connects clauses or sentences
                                                                                                                1. Coordinating - links two equal clauses
                                                                                                                  1. For
                                                                                                                    1. And
                                                                                                                      1. Nor
                                                                                                                        1. But
                                                                                                                          1. Or
                                                                                                                            1. Yet
                                                                                                                              1. So
                                                                                                                              2. Subordinating - links dependent and independent clauses
                                                                                                                              3. Determiner - indicates what a noun is referring to
                                                                                                                                1. Article - determines specifity
                                                                                                                                  1. Definite - the
                                                                                                                                    1. Indefinite - a, an
                                                                                                                                    2. Quantifier - determines quantity
                                                                                                                                      1. Possessive - determines ownership
                                                                                                                                        1. Demonstrative - the others
                                                                                                                                        2. Preposition - indicates location in time or space
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