Studying Deviance_3

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Part III: Studying Deviance

Resource summary

Studying Deviance_3
1 Official Statistics
1.1 Numerical tabulations comiled by gov & social service agencies
1.2 Data sources: arrest, census, victim, medical, public health, court
1.3 Valitidy problems: unrecognized crimes, outdated categories & reporting
1.4 Child Abuse Reporting
1.4.1 Opposing Problems: unreported vs unsubstantiated cases
1.4.1.1 60-65% unsubstantiated reports nationally
1.4.1.2 56% unreported cases to authorities
1.4.2 3 factors on child abuse statistical increases
1.4.2.1 Social definition of abuse
1.4.2.2 Media campaigns
1.4.2.3 Mandatory reporting laws due to expansion of prevention/treatment programs, education programs, and public awareness campaigns
2 Field Research
2.1 Live w/members of deviant groups
2.2 Compiles richly descriptive and analytical information, generally longitudinal
2.3 Expensive, time consuming, lacks generalizability and objectivity
2.4 Researching Dealers & Smugglers subculture over 4 yr span
2.4.1 Issues: effect of drugs on the data-gathering process, assuming risks while doing research, cultural clash between us and subjects, & ethical problems (initimacies/confidences,guilty feelings)
2.4.2 Researcher became friends w/drug smuggler neighbor; was granted "membership" into group of smugglers after 1 yr
2.4.3 Conclusion: Researchers had to become trusted, then reveal true self for real data, & use a combo of overt/covert roles. Study criminals in natural habitat showed complexity of their subculture; their dimensions of lifestyle, social stratification, social organization, and motivation.
3 Survey Research
3.1 3 major surveys: National Youth Survey, Monitoring the Future, & Kinsey surveys
3.2 Used to compile information about behavior that isn't routinely collected by the gov/official agencies
3.3 Validity problems: inaccurate deviant sample group, deviants define questions different than author, & correlations considered casual.
3.4 Survey of Sexual Behavior of Americans
3.4.1 Nation Health & Social Survey sample design
3.4.2 Probablity sampling method of 20,000 people; 80% completion rate
3.4.3 Face-to-face, telephone and self-administered
3.4.4 Issues: where to draw boundaries in defining sex, appropriate language when asking about sex, slang deteriorating meaning.
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