sociological explanations of crime and deviance

Tianne Atori
Mind Map by Tianne Atori, updated more than 1 year ago
Tianne Atori
Created by Tianne Atori over 4 years ago
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Description

mind map for GCSE Socoiology exploring the various sociological explanations of crime and deviance

Resource summary

sociological explanations of crime and deviance
1 indequate socialisation
1.1 young people turn to crime due to negative family influence
1.2 New Right believe it is due to parentally deprived homes
1.2.1 leads to delinquency as kids are inadequately taught norms and values
1.3 social factors
1.3.1 schools (no discipline)
1.3.2 (lack of) religion
1.3.3 media (glamourise crime)
2 opertunity structure
2.1 people with less work and educational oppertunities
2.1.1 more likely to commit crimes like theft, fraud and assult
3 relative deprivation
3.1 groups feeling unfairly disadvantaged
3.2 never feel content
4 nature of society (marxist view)
4.1 highlights divide between rich and poor
4.2 capitalist based on
4.2.1 materialism
4.2.1.1 thinking money and possessions are most important
4.2.2 (capitalist) economic and political system
4.2.2.1 individuals make profit off businesses and industries
4.2.3 consumerism
4.2.3.1 if people spent money the country will have a strong economy
4.2.4 competition
4.2.5 encourages greed and selfishness
4.2.5.1 people needs to buy what society tells them to
4.3 rules are made by ruling class
4.3.1 one law for rich and one for poor
4.3.2 marxists agree
5 labelling theory
5.1 people are identified and treated according to stereotypes
5.1.1 self fufilling prophecy
5.1.2 pushes people to crime
6 sub-cultural theory
6.1 COHEN
6.2 argues juvenile delinquency is a group phenomenon
6.2.1 young males mainly
6.2.1.1 become part of a gang where delinquency already is.
6.2.2 link between delinquency and education
6.2.2.1 working class boys cannot achieve same expectations as middle class
6.2.2.1.1 experience status fustration
6.3 develop norms and values different from mainstreem society
7 anomie
7.1 ROBERT MERTON
7.1.1 Society set goals people are encouraged to achieve
7.2 when goals are not achieved there is anomie
7.3 people turn to alternatives and may break social rules
7.4 means confusion
7.5 four types of deviancy
7.5.1 innovators
7.5.1.1 achieve goals through illegitimate means
7.5.1.1.1 e.g. fraud or theft
7.5.2 ritualists
7.5.2.1 keep working but not for success
7.5.2.1.1 stuck in dead-end jobs
7.5.2.1.2 no ambition
7.5.3 retreatists
7.5.3.1 abandon goals
7.5.3.1.1 drop-outs
7.5.3.1.2 turn to drink, drugs and other deviant behaviour
7.5.4 rebels
7.5.4.1 reject goals
7.5.4.1.1 replace with their own
7.5.4.1.1.1 e.g. revolutionalists
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