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Leptospirosis

Description

Mind map of Leptospirosis
lashed_126
Mind Map by lashed_126, updated more than 1 year ago
lashed_126
Created by lashed_126 over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Leptospirosis
  1. Bacterial infection
    1. Leptospira
      1. Zoonotic infection
        1. Leptospires can survive for weeks outside a host
      2. Incubation period:
        1. 7 - 21 days
        2. Caused by:
          1. Contact with fresh water, damp soil and vegetation that has been urinated on by an infected animal with transmission through cuts or mucus membranes or if water is ingested
          2. Symptoms
            1. Include: sudden fever, pain, headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, conjunctivitis, aching joints, sore throat and a rash on the skin.
              1. Can be fatal if untreated!
            2. Main transmission risk
              1. Water based (through urine), rodent based and livestock / pet infection
              2. Control to minimise risk of infection
                1. Cattle vaccination, control of rat population, good occupational hygiene practices, disinfecting
                  1. Treatment with antibiotics
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