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EarthQuakes Ch.5

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Here is something that might help some of you people out there who view it so if it helps use it however you like. :)
Jeremiah Wright
Mind Map by Jeremiah Wright, updated more than 1 year ago
Jeremiah Wright
Created by Jeremiah Wright over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

EarthQuakes Ch.5
  1. Section 1: Forces in Earth's crust

    Annotations:

    • The movement of Earth's plates creates great forces that squeeze or pull the rock in Earth's crust. That great force is called stress
    1. 2: Types Of Stress

      Annotations:

      • There are three types of stress that occurs in the earth. They will be listed in The spaces down below.
      1. Tension

        Annotations:

        • Tension is another type of stress that pulls the crust so that the rock beneath gets thinner and thinner.
        1. Compression

          Annotations:

          • Compression is the type of stress that pushes rock to a point where it either fold or breaks.
          1. Shearing

            Annotations:

            • Shearing is the last type of stress that push masses of rock and land in two separate directions causing Earth's interior to change.
          2. 1: Kinds of Faults

            Annotations:

            • In this section I will tell you about three types of faults that are all totally different.
            1. Strike-Slip Faults

              Annotations:

              • A strike-slip fault is a fault that has rock on either side slip past each other.
              1. Reverse Faults

                Annotations:

                • In a reverse fault what happens is the exact apposite of the normal fault, the hanging wall slides up relative to the footwall.
                1. Normal Faults

                  Annotations:

                  • In a normal fault there are to walls named the hanging wall  and the footwall, so in the normal fault the hanging wall slips down relative to the footwall.
                2. 3: Changing Earth's Surface

                  Annotations:

                  • This is the last section
                  1. Folding Earth's Crust

                    Annotations:

                    • Sometimes Earth's crust reaches a point that it will eventually fold and bend, which makes the earth's crust and the rock below it rise up and make mountains.
                    1. Uplifting Earth's Crust

                      Annotations:

                      • The forces that rise mountains can also rise, or uplift plateaus. A plateau is a large flat area that is elevated high above the sea level. this is uplifting Earth's crust.
                      1. Stretching Earth's Crust

                        Annotations:

                        • A fault-block mountain forms when two normal faults cut through blocks of rock ,this is what stretching Earth's crust is.
                    2. Section 2: Earthquakes and Seismic Waves
                      1. 1: Types of seismic waves
                        1. S waves
                          1. P waves
                            1. Surface waves
                            2. 2: Measuring Earthquakes
                              1. The Mercalli scale
                                1. The Richter scale
                                  1. Comparing Earth quakes
                                    1. The Moment-magnitude scale
                                    2. 3: Locating the Epicenter
                                    3. Section 3: Monitoring Earthquakes
                                      1. 1: The seismograph
                                        1. reading a seismogram
                                          1. Measuring seismic waves
                                          2. 2: instruments that monitor faults
                                            1. tiltmeters
                                              1. creep meters
                                                1. laser-ranging devices
                                                  1. GPS satellites
                                                2. 3: using seismograph data
                                                  1. mapping faults
                                                    1. monitoring changes along faults
                                                      1. trying to predict earthquakes
                                                    2. Section 4: Earthquake Safety
                                                      1. 4: designing safer buildings
                                                        1. 1: earthquake risk
                                                          1. mapping earthquake intensity
                                                            1. historic earthquakes
                                                              1. plate boundaries and faults
                                                              2. 2: how earthquakes cause damage
                                                                1. 3: steps to earthquake safety
                                                                  1. shaking
                                                                    1. liquefaction
                                                                      1. aftershocks
                                                                        1. tsunamis
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