School readiness for Spain

Fozia Jaman
Mind Map by Fozia Jaman, updated more than 1 year ago
Fozia Jaman
Created by Fozia Jaman about 6 years ago


mind map

Resource summary

School readiness for Spain
  1. The early childhood education stage occurs in two cycles; the first cycle is for children from 0 -3, and the second cycle is for children ages 3 – 6. At the age of 6, compulsory education commences in Spain.
    1. The main goals of pre-primary education include the development of social interaction skills, affective and cognitive development, and basic numeracy, literacy and language skills.
    2. Compulsory primary education begins at the age of six and lasts for six years. There are three two-year cycles. The first cycle (primer ciclo) is for children from age six to eight years of age. During these two years the child is assessed every term and parents are issued with a report. At the end of this cycle a child may need to repeat a year if they have not reached the education level needed to carry on to the next cycle.
      1. The curriculum requirements for the second cycle of pre-primary education are established at the national level, in the Organic Law on Education and the Royal Decree 1630/2006.
        1. For children under the age of six is not compulsory
          1. The second cycle (segundo ciclo) is for children aged eight to ten years. The third cycle (tercer ciclo) is for ten to twelve year olds and serves to prepare them for secondary education. A child may be asked to repeat a year if they have not reached the education level needed to carry on to the next cycle.
          2. The primary curriculum includes natural and social sciences, the Spanish language and literature, an autonomous language and literature if applicable , mathematics, physical education, plastic and visual arts, and a foreign language and optional Catholic religion
            1. Almost all 4-year-olds in Spain are enrolled in pre-primary education (OECD average of 84%), as well as a large proportion of 3 year-olds (over 90% in Spain). In the majority of OECD countries, most children start school well before the age of five. Early childhood education is associated with better performance in school later on. Fifteen-year-old students who attended pre-primary education perform better
              1. In 2013, one in four 15-29 year-olds in Spain was neither employed nor in education or training (NEET) – far more than the OECD average (15%).In contrast to most other OECD countries, the largest share of young Spanish adults who are neither employed nor in education or training are unemployed (20%; the OECD average is 7%), not inactive (7%; the OECD average is 8%).
                1. Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 97.7% male: 98.5% female: 97% (2010 est.)
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