Making the American Revolution

Erin Harrison
Mind Map by Erin Harrison, updated more than 1 year ago
Erin Harrison
Created by Erin Harrison over 2 years ago
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3

Description

Beginning with the Navigation Acts, trace the sequence of events which led to the American colonies rebelling against England.

Resource summary

Making the American Revolution
1 the English had not interfered much with colonial life; colonies had their own governors and legislatures set up, and were fairly independent
1.1 The Navigation Acts
1.1.1 The Proclamation Line of 1763
1.1.1.1 The Stamp Act
1.1.1.1.1 The Townshend Acts
1.1.1.1.1.1 The Tea Act
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The Intolerable Acts
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The Second Continental Congress
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The Declaration of Independence
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The Articles of Confederation
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The American Revolution
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 France and Spain were happy to help, since it would weaken England
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Britain joined officially in 1776, sending 32,000 troops to NY
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Battle of Saratoga - British surrender, France officially backs America
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 British take Savannah, GA, Charlestown, SC, and most of SC territory
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Battle of Camden - Americans lost
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Battles of Kings Mountain and Cowpens - Americans won
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Battle of Guilford Courthouse - tie
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Cornwallis retreats to Yorktown for evacuation - French fleet and GW army trap them and force a surrender in October of 1781
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 written earlier, but ratified in 1781, increasing Congress' power
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 had to ask for permission from the states to tax them, had no courts or executive branch, but a council of 13 to enforce laws, and 9 out of 13 states had to agree to pass a major law
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 written July 4, 1776
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 Preamble - basic human rights
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.2 27 grievances against England
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.3 declaration of war and separation
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 met in 1775 and raised another militia with George Washington as the Commander
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" was written - sounded like a sermon and easy for everyone to understand - "nothing but independence"
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 meant to punish Boston for the Tea Party
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 closed their ports, disbanded the Massachusetts legislature, and forced citizens to quarter troops
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia, 1774 - 55 delegates sans Georgia
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 decided to boycott, withhold taxes, and raise a militia
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 British soldiers were sent to enforce law, met colonial militia at Battles of Lexington and Concord
1.1.1.1.1.1.2 England gave the East India Tea Company permission to sell directly to the colonies while still taxing tea
1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 this led to the Boston Tea Party of 1773, which made Parliament furious
1.1.1.1.1.2 taxed glass, lead, paper, and paint products
1.1.1.1.1.2.1 there was another boycott, and the Boston Massacre (1770) fueled the fire
1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 the boycott eventually worked, but England kept the tax on tea to make a point
1.1.1.1.2 taxes all paper goods, which hit the lawyers and the newspapers hardest
1.1.1.1.2.1 the colonies boycotted and petitioned for "no taxation without representation"
1.1.1.1.2.1.1 the boycott worked, and the Stamp Act was repealed
1.1.1.2 Indians were uprising again just after the French and Indian War
1.1.1.2.1 Parliament ordered colonists to remain East of the Appalachian Mountains
1.1.2 the colonies had traded with the French during the French and Indian War
1.1.2.1 the Acts were made in the 1660s, but not enforced until 1763 as a result of their betrayal
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