Important Victorian's

Mind Map by colleenchambers, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by colleenchambers about 6 years ago


Victorian health

Resource summary

Important Victorian's
  1. Lord Shaftsbury 1881-1885
    1. Attempted to improve children's lives during victorian times
      1. 1883 Proposed that children should work max 10 hours a day
        1. 1884 The Factory law-illegal for children under 9 to work in factories
    2. Joseph Lister 1827-1912
      1. The 'enemy' of germs
        1. He discovered that diseases cause caused by germs
          1. He used Carbonic Acid to kill the germs
            1. Results were less rotting wounds abd number of deaths dramatically fell
      2. Florence Nightingale 1820-1910
        1. On 4th November 1854 Florence Nightingale and 38 other nurses arrived at Scutari, an area of the city of Constantiople. The main British hospital was located there and Florence was not impressed by the conditions. The hospital was dirty, the drains were blocked, rats and fleas were everywhere.
          1. At first the doctors did not want the help of Florence Nightingale and her nurses, but they soon changed their minds when the number of wounded soldiers continued to grow.
            1. Florence made lots of improvements to the hospital in Scutari. She had the drains cleaned, sorted out a supply of drinking water, filled the hospital stores with clean sheets and bandages, set up a nursing timetable and made sure that the soliders were well fed and cared for.
              1. Florence became very popular. The soldiers used to call her the ‘Lady with the Lamp’ because she used to walk the hospital wards at night to check on her patients. The Crimean War ended in 1856 and Florence returned to England. She was a national heroine and many Victorians bought ornaments of Florence Nightingale to display in their homes.
        2. John Snow 1813-1858
          1. Best known for his work on Cholera
            1. It was assumed that cholera was airborne. However, Snow did not accept this 'miasma' (bad air) theory, arguing that in fact entered the body through the mouth.
          2. Elizabeth Fry 1780-1845
            1. Campaigner for better conditions in prisons
            2. Sir Edwin Chadwick 1800-1890
              1. Noted for his work to reform Poor Las and improve sanitary conditions and public health
                1. His advocacy led to the 1836 act that established a registry for births and deaths
                  1. He influenced legislation on factories,child labor and water supplies
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