Attempted to improve children's lives during victorian times
1883 Proposed that children should work max 10 hours a day
1884 The Factory law-illegal for children under 9 to work in factories
Joseph Lister 1827-1912
The 'enemy' of germs
He discovered that diseases cause caused by germs
He used Carbonic Acid to kill the germs
Results were less rotting wounds abd number of deaths dramatically
Florence Nightingale 1820-1910
On 4th November 1854 Florence Nightingale and 38 other nurses arrived at Scutari, an area of the
city of Constantiople. The main British hospital was located there and Florence was not impressed by
the conditions. The hospital was dirty, the drains were blocked, rats and fleas were everywhere.
At first the doctors did not want the help of Florence Nightingale and her nurses, but they soon
changed their minds when the number of wounded soldiers continued to grow.
Florence made lots of improvements to the hospital in Scutari. She had the drains cleaned, sorted
out a supply of drinking water, filled the hospital stores with clean sheets and bandages, set up a
nursing timetable and made sure that the soliders were well fed and cared for.
Florence became very popular. The soldiers used to call her the ‘Lady with the Lamp’ because she
used to walk the hospital wards at night to check on her patients. The Crimean War ended in 1856 and
Florence returned to England. She was a national heroine and many Victorians bought ornaments of
Florence Nightingale to display in their homes.
John Snow 1813-1858
Best known for his work on Cholera
It was assumed that cholera was airborne. However, Snow did not accept this 'miasma'
(bad air) theory, arguing that in fact entered the body through the mouth.
Elizabeth Fry 1780-1845
Sir Edwin Chadwick 1800-1890
Noted for his work to reform Poor Las and
improve sanitary conditions and public health
His advocacy led to the 1836 act that established a registry for births and deaths
He influenced legislation on factories,child labor and water supplies