Psychology and the MCAT: Foundational Concept 7

Sarah Egan
Mind Map by Sarah Egan, updated more than 1 year ago
Sarah Egan
Created by Sarah Egan over 4 years ago


Overview of Psychology concepts required for the new MCAT, per the AAMC (American Association of Medical Colleges) guidelines. This guide is for FC 7, see other mindmaps for other FCs. This provides a breakdown of category concepts and includes links to further resources. More will be added. Please comment if you create or discover a resource that you think should be linked here.

Resource summary

Psychology and the MCAT: Foundational Concept 7
1 Content Category 7C: Attitude and behavior change
1.1 Habituation and Dishabituation
1.2 Associative Learning
1.2.1 Classical conditioning
1.2.2 Operant conditioning
1.2.3 The role of cognitive processes in associative learning
1.2.4 Biological processes that affect associative learning
1.3 Observational Learning
1.3.1 Modeling
1.3.2 Biological processes
1.3.3 Applications of observational learning
1.4 Theories of Attitude and Behavior Change
1.4.1 Elaboration likelihood model
1.4.2 Social cognitive theory
1.4.3 Factors that affect attitude change
2 Content Category 7A: Individual influences on behavior
2.1 Biological Bases of Behavior
2.1.1 Nervous system


2.1.2 Neuronal communication


2.1.3 Influence of neurotransmitters
2.1.4 The endocrine system


2.1.5 Behavioral genetics
2.1.6 Human physiological development
2.2 Personality
2.2.1 Theories of personality

Attachments: Psychoanalytic

Attachments: Humanistic Trait

Attachments: Social cognitive

Attachments: Biological Behaviorist
2.2.2 Situational approach to explaining behavior
2.3 Psychological Disorders (PSY)


2.3.1 Understanding psychological disorders Biomedical vs. biopsychosocial approaches Classifying psychological disorders Rates of psychological disorders
2.3.2 Types of psychological disorders Anxiety Obsessive–compulsive Trauma- and stressor-related Somatic symptom Bipolar Depressive Schizophrenia Dissociative Personality
2.3.3 Biological bases of nervous system disorders Depression Alzheimer’s disease Parkinson’s disease


2.4 Motivation
2.4.1 Factors that influence motivation Instinct Arousal Drives Needs
2.4.2 Biological and sociocultural motivators that regulate behavior
2.4.3 Theories that explain how motivation affects human behavior Drive reduction theory Incentive theory Other theories (e.g., cognitive, need-based)
2.5 Attitudes
2.5.1 Components of attitudes
2.5.2 The link between attitudes and behavior Cognitive Dissonance
3 Content Category 7B: Social processes that influence human behavior
3.1 How the Presence of Others Affects Individual Behavior
3.1.1 Social facilitation
3.1.2 Deindividuation
3.1.3 Bystander effect
3.1.4 Social loafing
3.1.5 Peer pressure
3.1.6 Conformity
3.1.7 Obedience
3.2 Group Decision-making Processes
3.2.1 Group polarization
3.2.2 Groupthink
3.3 Socialization
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