attitude can be seen as an aspect of someones personality but tends not be regarded as a particular trait
directed towards a particular situation, fairly enduring once they have been formed.
-trandis (1977) said that "an idea charged with emotion which predisposes a class of actions to a particular class of social situations"
-Mednick (1975) "a predisposition to act in a certain way owards some aspect of a persons environment including other people"
1.1 Triadic model of attitudes
this has three elements:
- beliefs- the cognitive elemnt
-emotions- the affective element-behaviour- the behavioural element.
your beliefs are from your past experiences and what you have learned from others, including role models, such as parents or peers.
attitude to fitness training can be made up of the belief that fitness training will keep you fit and enhance your body image. This is the cognitive element
your emotions towards a person or an object depends on your past experiences
1.2 winning attitude in sport
Golby and Sheard (2004) researched elite rugby players in the UK showed higher levels of mental toughness and hardiness defined as a tendencey to keep trying under difficult situations
they asked 115 professional rugby players from three standards of the game - international, super league, and division one. And they completed two questionnaires,
personal views survey III-R- a measure of mental hardiness.
and the psychological performance inventory- a measure of mental toughness
on the mental hardiness international performers scored significantly higher than the division one players this means that they are able influence matches
on the mental toughness test they international players scored higher than the division one players on negative energy control and attention control, showing they are able to stay calm and relaxed under pressure