1.1.2 INFLUENCES ON TAKING PART

Elliott Jennings
Mind Map by Elliott Jennings, updated more than 1 year ago
Elliott Jennings
Created by Elliott Jennings about 6 years ago
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6 influences on taking part in sport

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1.1.2 INFLUENCES ON TAKING PART
  1. C.H.I.R.P.S
    1. CULTURAL FACTORS
      1. AGE
        1. Age can affect performance and may also influence participation in physical activities. In most sports it is good to start young, although some competitive events may have age restrictions. For example, the minimum age for taking part in the London Marathon is 18.
        2. DISABILITY
          1. Disability People with disabilities can take part in many activities. Resources and opportunities for disabled people to take part in sport are increasing – but more availability is still needed at a local level for people with disabilities who are not internl athlationaetes.
          2. GENDER
            1. Gender The idea that some physical activities are more or less exclusively male and others female has more or less disappeared, but some activities still offer one sex more opportunities than the other. A boy who loves netball may struggle to find a team, while (arguably) women’s cricket and football are taken less seriously than men’s.
            2. RACE
              1. Gender The idea that some physical activities are more or less exclusively male and others female has more or less disappeared, but some activities still offer one sex more opportunities than the other. A boy who loves netball may struggle to find a team, while (arguably) women’s cricket and football are taken less seriously than men’s.
            3. HEALTH AND WELLBEING
              1. ILLNESS
                1. Illness Individuals who are ill cannot take part.
                2. HEALTH PROBLEMS
                  1. Health problems These can affect participation in physical activities. For example, people who have asthma may not be able to take part in activities which involve a lot of running, although swimming might be good for them.
                3. IMAGE
                  1. FASHION
                    1. Fashion Many activities require the ‘right’ equipment – e.g. you need boots to play football. Some brands of sports equipment can be very fashionable – and expensive – partly as a result of media coverage of famous sportspeople. Sales of sports equipment and clothing are influenced by the time of year. For instance, sales of tennis equipment increase around Wimbledon fortnight, and more fitness clothing and equipment are sold around New Year.
                    2. MEDIA COVERAGE
                      1. Media coverage The media influences many people’s choice of physical activity. Media coverage increases the popularity of some sports. The London Marathon is an excellent example: many competitors are inspired to take part by watching the race on TV. In this case, the media has a strong and positive effect.
                    3. RESOURCES
                      1. AVAILABILITY
                        1. Availability If people are to take part in physical activity and sport, suitable facilities and resources must be available.
                        2. LOCATION
                          1. Location Participation in sport depends on what is locally available. Some places may not have any facilities for some activities.
                          2. ACCESS
                            1. Access Facilities need to be easily accessible. If they cannot be reached by foot or bike, easy access by public transport (bus or train) is important. Good parking may also be a consideration.
                            2. TIME
                              1. Facilities need to be available at the right time. This probably means that they should be open in the evening and at weekends, and, for students, during school holidays. Participants need to make time for practising and training.
                            3. PEOPLE
                              1. FAMILY
                                1. Children frequently take part in the same physical activities as their parents. They also often follow the same sports and support the same teams.
                                2. PEERS
                                  1. The influence of the peer group – people of the same age – is very important. It is much easier to succeed in any activity with the encouragement and support of friends.
                                  2. ROLE MODELS
                                    1. These are people whose actions are emulated by others. They can be a variety of people in different roles. Successful sportsmen and women, such as Rebecca Adlington, David Beckham, Kelly Holmes and Chris Hoy, are often in the media spotlight and may become role models, inspiring others to take up the same sport.
                                  3. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
                                    1. COST
                                      1. Most activities have some associated costs – hire of facilities, lessons, equipment, shoes etc. If people cannot afford to take part, their socioeconomic status has influenced their involvement
                                      2. STATUS
                                        1. This relates to a person’s current situation or position in society e.g. employed, in education or looking for work. Status can affect participation in physical activity as people may not have time. Alternatively, status can influence the type of sport a person is involved in, or enjoys to watch.
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