Attachment

innocent.gemma
Mind Map by innocent.gemma, updated more than 1 year ago
innocent.gemma
Created by innocent.gemma over 4 years ago
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Description

Attachment mind map for AS level psychology

Resource summary

Attachment
1 Attachment definition
1.1 Schaffer 'a long enduring, emotionally meaningful tie to a particular person
1.2 Ainsworth 'a relatively long enduring tie in which the partner is important as a unique indevidual
1.2.1 'a desire to maintaine closeness'
2 Key elements
2.1 Long term emotional bond
2.2 Focused on a particular indevidual
2.3 Reciprocal
2.4 Desire for physical & emotional closeness
3 Signs of attachment
3.1 Proximity seeking

Annotations:

  • Maintain closeness and spending time together
3.2 Distress on separation
3.3 Joy on reunion
3.4 Orientation to the other person

Annotations:

  • Attention is directed to the other and attempts are made to engage them in interaction or activities.
3.5 Stranger anxiety
3.6 Secure base effect
4 Reciprocity
4.1 Melzoff & Moore 1977
4.1.1 Infants as young as 2-3 weeks coppy facial expressions and hand gestures
4.2 Taking turns, coppying, like a conversation
5 Bowlbys theory of attachment
5.1 Attachment is instinctive
5.2 Monotrophy

Annotations:

  • There is a single attachment to one person which is more important and at the top of the hierarchy.
5.3 Internal working model

Annotations:

  • The key relationship provides a 'template' for later relationships... 'AM I LOVEABLE? ARE OTHERS TRUSTWORTHY?'
  • Also called the CONTINUITY HYPOTHESIS
5.4 Sensitive period

Annotations:

  • Attachments should take place within the FIRST 3 YEARS... serious consequences if not.
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