Stalin's rise to power 1924-29

georgia318
Mind Map by georgia318, updated more than 1 year ago
georgia318
Created by georgia318 almost 7 years ago
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History Mind Map on Stalin's rise to power 1924-29, created by georgia318 on 04/12/2013.
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Stalin's rise to power 1924-29
1 One Party State in the USSR
1.1 Bolshevik consolidation of power
1.1.1 Governmental structures
1.1.1.1 By 1924 gov' developed two main features
1.1.1.1.1 Council of People's Commissars
1.1.1.1.2 Secretariat
1.1.1.1.3 Features of Both
1.1.1.1.3.1 Established and controlled by Bolsheviks
1.1.1.1.3.1.1 under Lenin/ Lenin ruled
1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1 moral authority and strong standing in party= unchallengeable
1.1.1.1.3.2 Party ruled
1.1.1.2 Key Organisation= Politiburo
1.1.1.2.1 inner core of 20 leading members of Communist Party
1.1.1.3 By 1922 Soviet Union= 1 party Lenist state
1.1.1.3.1 Membership to this party= essential for all government posts
1.1.2 Democratic centralism
1.1.2.1 Central feature of Lenin's control over Communist Party
1.1.2.2 True democracy in Bolshevik Party
1.1.2.2.1 obedience of the members to the:
1.1.2.2.1.1 authority
1.1.2.2.1.2 instructions of the leaders
1.1.2.2.2 all Bosheviks= genuine revolutionaries but only leaders were educated enough in revolution to understand what needs to be done
1.1.2.3 Bolsheviks doing what Lenin told them to do
1.1.3 Authoritarian rule
1.1.3.1 Abolutionism
1.1.3.1.1 returned Russia to what it had been with Tsars
1.1.3.1.2 governmental system in which the levers of power are exclusively in the hands of a group or an individidual
1.1.3.2 Main features:
1.1.3.2.1 1 party state
1.1.3.2.1.1 all other parties were outlawerd
1.1.3.2.2 bureaucratic state
1.1.3.2.2.1 central powers increased under Lenin
1.1.3.2.2.2 number of departments and officials grew
1.1.3.2.3 police state
1.1.3.2.3.1 Checka
1.1.3.2.3.1.1 Secret police
1.1.3.2.3.1.2 impose government control over the people
1.1.3.2.4 Ban on factionalism
1.1.3.2.4.1 prohibited criticism of leadership of party
1.1.3.2.4.2 ban on free speech
1.1.3.2.5 destruction of trade unions
1.1.3.2.6 politicizing of the law
1.1.3.2.6.1 law not= protecting system but extension of political control
1.1.3.2.7 system of purges + show trials
1.1.3.2.7.1 eg. 1922 public trial of Moscow Clergy
1.1.3.2.8 Concentration Camps
1.1.3.2.8.1 Held rebel peasants and 'anti-bolsheviks'
1.1.3.2.9 Prohibition of public worship
1.1.3.2.9.1 Orthodox Church looted and closed
1.1.3.2.9.2 atheism was adopted
1.1.3.2.10 Nationalization
1.1.3.2.11 Imposed economic policies
1.1.3.2.11.1 NEP
1.1.3.2.11.2 'War Communism'
1.1.3.2.12 Cultural revolution
1.1.3.2.12.1 Culture to be shaped by the power of the state
1.1.3.2.13 International isolation
1.1.3.2.13.1 originally expected Russian revolution to be prelude of the worldwide proletarian uprising.
1.1.3.2.13.2 Therefore he created Comintern
1.1.3.2.13.3 adjusted to situation where Soviet Union= isolated marxist
2 Stalin's emergence as leading contender for power
3 Stalin's bid for power
4 Trotsky's opposition to Stalin
5 The defeat of Trotsky and the Left
6 The defeat of the Right Opposition
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