Approaches and Methods for ESL

ccraig68
Mind Map by ccraig68, updated more than 1 year ago
ccraig68
Created by ccraig68 about 4 years ago
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Mind map - Catherine Craig

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Approaches and Methods for ESL
1 COMMUNICATIVE
1.1 METHODS
1.1.1 SILENT WAY
1.1.1.1 Teacher Talk
1.1.1.2 Signals
1.1.2 NATURAL WAY
1.1.2.1 Comprehensible input
1.1.2.2 Acceptance of L1
1.1.3 ICB
1.1.3.1 L2 Development
1.1.3.2 Integrated content/language
1.1.3.3 Thematic units across curriculums
1.1.4 SHELTEREd/SIOP
1.1.4.1 Grade level modified
1.1.4.2 Scaffolded
1.1.4.3 Visuals
1.1.4.4 Cooperative learning
1.1.4.5 Guarded vocabulary
1.1.4.6 Language/content objectivves
1.1.4.7 Standard driven
1.1.4.8 Echevarria, Vogt, & Short
1.1.5 SUGGESTOPEDIA
1.1.5.1 Minimal Error Correction
1.1.5.2 Relaxed setting
1.1.5.3 Use of L1
1.2 Focus on language learning via communication
1.3 Student centered
1.4 Meaningful acquisition
1.5 Purposeful
1.6 ZPD
1.6.1 Vygotsky
1.7 Rooted in Constructivism
2 GRAMMATICAL/GRAMMAR BASED
2.1 Teacher centered
2.1.1 Memorize language rules and sentence patterns
2.1.1.1 Originally used in Greek and Latin Instruction
2.1.1.1.1 Fixed or staged
2.2 METHODS
2.2.1 GRAMMAR TRANSLATION
2.2.1.1 Holistic approach to grammar
2.2.1.1.1 Develops reading, writing, and grammar
2.2.2 DIRECT
2.2.2.1 Total Immersion in L2
2.2.2.2 Open ended responses
2.2.2.3 No use of L1
2.2.3 AUDIOLINGUAL
2.2.3.1 Minimal use of L1
2.2.3.2 Stresses error correction
2.2.3.3 Repetition/drills
2.2.3.4 Grammar taught carefully/sequenced
3 COGNITIVE
3.1 CALLA
3.1.1 CALP development in L1 and L2
3.1.2 Prior Knowledge
3.1.3 Cooperative learning
3.1.4 Learning strategy instruction
3.1.5 Content/Language objectives
3.1.6 Chamot and O'Mallley
3.2 Learner centered
3.3 Explicit teaching of learning strategies
3.4 Metacognition
3.5 Working memory
3.6 Interaction/guidance driven
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