Linguistics

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s.chng
Created by s.chng about 4 years ago
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1001LAL 2016
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Linguistics
1 What is Linguistics?
1.1 Scientific study of Language
2 What is Language?
2.1 Characteristics of language
2.1.1 Creativity
2.1.1.1 Ability to produce new messages on any topic at any time.
2.1.1.2 Never heard of before - a sentence.
2.1.1.3 Novel utterances.
2.1.2 Arbitrariness
2.1.2.1 No natural or intrinsic relationship between the pronunciation and meaning of a word.
2.1.3 Discreteness
2.1.3.1 Letters and words can be rearranged to form new words and sentences.
2.1.4 Displacement
2.1.4.1 Ability to talk or sign about entities that are not related to the present - but can relate the past, and express the future.
2.2 A system of symbols (spoken or signed) created and used by humans.
3 Linguistic knowledge
3.1 Linguistic competence
3.1.1 Grammar
3.1.1.1 Phonetics
3.1.1.2 Phonology
3.1.1.3 Morphology
3.1.1.3.1 The study of structure and content of word forms.
3.1.1.4 Syntax
3.1.1.5 Semantics
3.1.1.6 The mental representation of a speaker's linguistic competence.
3.2 Linguistic performance
3.2.1 The use of linguistic competence, how you use what you have learned.
4 Interdisciplinary field of linguistics
4.1 Neurolinguistics
4.1.1 The study of the brain mechanisms that underlie the acquisition.
4.1.2 The study of the biological and neural foundations of language.
4.1.3 Anatomy of human brain
4.1.3.1 Cerebrum
4.1.3.1.1 Largest part of the brain.
4.1.3.1.2 Associated with higher brain functions.
4.1.3.2 Cortex
4.1.3.2.1 Decision-making
4.1.3.2.2 Receives messages from sensory organs.
4.1.3.2.3 Initiates voluntary actions
4.1.3.2.4 Stores memories
4.1.3.3 Lateralisation
4.1.3.3.1 Left hemisphere
4.1.3.3.1.1 Analytic thought
4.1.3.3.1.2 Reasoning
4.1.3.3.1.3 Logic
4.1.3.3.1.4 Science
4.1.3.3.1.5 Language
4.1.3.3.1.6 Mathematics
4.1.3.3.2 Right hemisphere
4.1.3.3.2.1 Intuition
4.1.3.3.2.2 Creativity
4.1.3.3.2.3 Facial recognition
4.1.3.3.2.4 Art
4.1.3.3.2.5 Music
4.1.3.3.2.6 Emotions
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