Gender Dysphoria

ktuffin_95
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A Levels Psychology (Gender) Mind Map on Gender Dysphoria, created by ktuffin_95 on 01/27/2014.

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ktuffin_95
Created by ktuffin_95 over 5 years ago
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Gender Dysphoria
1 Psychosocial
1.1 Mental Illness

Annotations:

  • linked to mental illness which is linked to childhood trauma or maladaptive upbringing. 
1.1.1 Coates (1991)

Annotations:

  • Case Study - boy with GID.  Defensive reaction to mothers depression following an abortion.  child was 3 - sensitive to gender issues. May have lead to a cross-gender fantasy to resolve anxiety
1.1.2 AO2/IDA
1.1.2.1 Coates (1997)

Annotations:

  • 435 ppt with gender dysphoria  range of conditions no greater than general population - so suggests unrelated to trauma/pathological families.
1.1.2.1.1 Reliability

Annotations:

  • A more valid study discounts Coates (1991) case study - more ppt. and more empirical measures (using DSM diagnosis). 
1.1.2.2 Case Studies

Annotations:

  • Abonrmal individuals so not applicable beyond findings (low population validity)  Researcher-ppt. relationships = bais ethics
1.1.2.3 Socially senstive

Annotations:

  • Grouping GID and other psychiatric conditions could be fatalistic for people experiencing GID (self-fulfilling prophesy)  Reductionist - no inclusion of biology - blames parents/child 
1.2 Mother-son relationships
1.2.1 Stoller (1975)

Annotations:

  • GID results from distorted parental attitudes.  Clinical interviews -  individuals with GID displayed overly-close mother-son relationships.  Greater female identification and confused identity. 
1.2.2 AO2/IDA
1.2.2.1 Zucker (1996)

Annotations:

  • 115 male with gender identity issues and also their mothers.  Those diagnosed with GID - 64% diagnosed with separation anxiety disorder also.  just 38% with sub-clinical symptoms.  Suggests mother-son attachment is a factor 
1.2.2.2 Alpha-biased

Annotations:

  • Only MtF explained, FtM discounted 
1.2.2.3 Reductionist

Annotations:

  • Only MtF not FtM. Can not completely rely on mother-son relationship, as only 64%. 
2 Biological

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