Council of Trent


A-Level History (European Reformation) Mind Map on Council of Trent, created by lottelou96 on 04/20/2013.
Mind Map by lottelou96, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by lottelou96 over 9 years ago

Resource summary

Council of Trent
  1. Meeting of all senior members of the RCC, met 3 times between 1545-63 to discuss problems of Doctrine and Discipline, and Luther
    1. Thought to have been more powerful than the Pope
      1. Charles V regularly called for council to deal with the issue of Luther and church reform but rarely got much support - it would reduce their power
      2. Pope Paul III willing to call council as he was threatened by Lutheranism; aware that he needed Council to impose Roman Catholicism on secular rulers
        1. very important in Germany where many German princes liked Luther's ideas
        2. French were hostile as they were keen on the idea of Lutheranism spreading in Germany - weaken the power of Charles V, their enemy
          1. 2 things that changed to hasten the call of Council: attempt to reach agreement with Luther, and Charles V failed to defeat Luther's supporters
            1. Clash over venue: secular rulers preferred it to be in territory with their direct control and influence. Final decision: Trent in Italy
              1. Near Rome (most Roman Catholic place) but Trent still an independent territory free from too much influence from Pope or Charles V
              2. Hoped that split would be ended, RCC would reform itself. Meeting started with long debate on possible agenda. Then decided to deal with both together
                1. Atmosphere of hostility towards Protestantism and to spirit of Renaissance. Real determination to reform but not to compromise on basic beliefs of RCC
                  1. Clergymen and leaders (Charles V) put pressure on Council to meet. Real desire to reform Church and increasing rates of conversion in Europe
                    1. Overall, Council was success. Sessions were productive, though lengthy. Lot done to purify Church.
                      1. Council agreed on basic beliefs, followed by precise definition of role of Bible in Roman Catholic belief. Differences between Prot and Cath clear.
                      2. Spain encouraged improvement of behaviour in the Church.
                        1. Discussed difference between priest and layman so clergy could provide real lead to community. Celibacy for clergy re-emphasised
                          1. more emphasis on setting good example, assist community. Regular contact between priest and community. Preaching to be counter attack on Lutheranism
                          2. Impressive job in clarifying beliefs and improvements. 'Only council and debating chamber, did nothing'. Orders seen as more important to some.
                            1. Pope Paul III's main aims: protect own authority; remove clerical abuses; define Catholic doctrine and defend it from Protestants
                              1. Settled discussion of sacraments under Tridentine Decrees - transub. only interpretation of Eucharist; 7 sacraments were to be treated equally
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