IMMUNOLOGY

Qurratu Aini
Mind Map by Qurratu Aini, updated more than 1 year ago
Qurratu Aini
Created by Qurratu Aini almost 4 years ago
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immunology
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IMMUNOLOGY
1 > Not a specific organ/tissue
2 Various cell working collectively defend against pathogens
3 The Components
3.1 Cadiovascular system
3.1.1 Heart,blood vessels
3.2 MPS (Mononuclear Phagocyte System)
3.2.1 Reticular fibres
3.2.2 Phagocytes (esp:macrophages)
3.3 Lymphatic system
3.3.1 Organ of lymphatic system
3.3.2 Primary lymphoid organs
3.3.2.1 Production site of immune cells
3.3.2.2 Maturation site for Immune w/o antigen
3.3.2.3 Eg: Bone marrow, thymus
3.3.3 2ndary Lymphoid organs

Annotations:

  • site where immune cell will encounter+bind w/ antigen -> fully matured -> antigen specific effector
3.3.3.1 Maturation site for immune cell w/ antigen
3.3.3.2 Eg: Adenoid, tonsils, lymph nodes, spleen, MALT

Annotations:

  • MALT (Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue
3.3.4 lymph circulatory system
3.3.4.1 Lymphatic vessels
4 Cells of the immune system
4.1 Differences btwn leukocytes and platelets
4.2
5 Lines of defences
5.1 3rd
5.1.1 Adaptive immune response
5.2 Innate immune response
5.2.1 1st
5.2.1.1 External physical barriers
5.2.1.1.1
5.2.2 2nd
5.2.2.1 Create hostile env.
5.2.2.2 Fever
5.2.2.2.1 Initiate by pyrogens
5.2.2.2.1.1 change setting in hypothalamus
5.2.2.2.2 Benefit
5.2.2.2.2.1 Reduce iron availability
5.2.2.2.2.2 Inhibit microbial replication
5.2.2.2.2.3 Increase immune rxn metabolic rates
5.2.2.3 Inflammation
5.2.2.3.1 Symptoms: Redness,heat,pain,oedema
5.2.2.4 Phagocytosis
5.2.2.4.1 Phagocytes: macrophages, neutrophils
5.2.2.5 Antimicrobial protiens
5.2.2.5.1 The complement system
5.2.2.5.2 interferons
5.2.2.5.3 iron-binding protein
5.2.2.5.4 Antimicrobial peptide
5.2.3 non-specific, response magnitude are similar every encounters
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