ATTACHMENT

Anja Starc
Mind Map by Anja Starc, updated more than 1 year ago
Anja Starc
Created by Anja Starc almost 4 years ago
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Description

Other Psychology (General Foundations of Psychology) Mind Map on ATTACHMENT, created by Anja Starc on 04/24/2016.

Resource summary

ATTACHMENT
1 animal evidence
1.1 Lorenz: imprinting
1.1.1 birds: treat 1st moving stimulus as mothers
1.1.2 = instinctual & adaptive early attachment
1.2 Harlow: monkeys
1.2.1 wire mother: food
1.2.2 cloth mother: comfort
2 = strong, enduring, emotional bond
2.1 1st social relationship: primary caregiver
2.1.1 provide: psychological comfort
2.2 separation anxiety
2.2.1 6 - 8 months
2.2.2 upset
3 John Bowlby
3.1 attachment behaviours
3.1.1 proximity maintenance
3.1.2 secure base (safe & protected)
3.1.3 joint visual attention
3.1.4 safe haven seeking
3.1.5 separation anxiety
3.2 roots: evolution
3.3 internal working model
3.3.1 cognitive element
3.3.2 beliefs & expectations

Annotations:

  • about: 1. one's own and other people's behaviour 2. lovability, worthiness, acceptability of the self 3. guidelines for interpreting other's actions: emotional availability and interests of others + their availability to provide protection
3.3.3 = template for future relationships
3.3.4 develops within early relationships
3.4 phases
3.4.1 1. Pre-attachment (0-2 months)
3.4.2 2. Attachment in the making (3-6 months)

Annotations:

  • - responding differently to different people - will accept mother substitute
3.4.3 3. Clear cut attachment (7-9 months)

Annotations:

  • - active proximity seeking - separation anxiety - stranger fear
3.4.4 4. Goal-corrected partnership (3 yrs + )
3.5 parents
3.5.1 fathers
3.5.1.1 2nd year
3.5.1.2 18 months: separation distress
3.5.1.3 vigorous + physical play
3.5.1.4 exploration companion
3.5.2 mothers
3.5.2.1 support
3.5.2.2 secure base
3.6 postive impacts

Annotations:

  • - understanding neglect on young children - improved child care institutions
4 Mary Ainsworth
4.1 the strange situation

Annotations:

  • = experimental procedure for assessing attachment: child alone with a stranger when mother leaves the room
4.2 4 categories
4.2.1 securely attached: minor distress => enthusiasm

Annotations:

  • later in life: - more attractive to peers as playmates - more obedient & independent - more concern and helping for peers - more likely to have close friends when teenagers - less anxiety disorders, criminal record
4.2.2 insecure attachment
4.2.2.1 anxious/resistant: upset =>ambivalent (crying, slapping)
4.2.2.2 anxious/avoidant: distant, aloof => ignore
4.2.2.3 disorganised: inconsistent behaviours
5 confounding factors
5.1 temperament

Annotations:

  • = the core of a child's developing personality
  • - individual differences in emotional reactivity - + and - emotionality, sociability, attentional persistence - predicts some childhood outcomes, not attachment security
5.1.1 influence: genetics
5.1.1.1 identical twins => similar temperaments
5.2 birth complications
5.3 culture
5.3.1 secure attachment = cross-cultural
5.3.2 China: low & UK: high secure attachment
5.4 parental behaviour
5.4.1 responsiveness to needs
5.4.2 warmth & closeness
5.4.3 supportive involvement
5.4.4 extent to provide a secure base
6 over the life course
6.1 => to their parents => friendship => romantic => marital => to their child => grandparental
6.2 romantic relationships
6.2.1 same features as childhood attachment
6.2.2 anxiety: rejection & abandonment
6.2.3 avoidance: closeness & intimacy
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