Wolsey

aimee.edwards08
Mind Map by aimee.edwards08, updated more than 1 year ago
aimee.edwards08
Created by aimee.edwards08 over 5 years ago
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AS - Level History Mind Map on Wolsey, created by aimee.edwards08 on 05/02/2016.

Resource summary

Wolsey
  1. Wolsey's Political Control
    1. Wolsey was at the very centre of Government
      1. Wolsey was often persided in the Star Chamber Giving Wolsey to show his power
        1. Pagency and display were an important part of Royal Government
          1. Hid court attracted the nobility & Gentry of England
            1. Wolsey could assume that the King would agree with him on policies - especially domestic affairs
              1. Wolsey was cautious to see who would surround his master. He could never fully diregard his fellow Royal Councillers
                1. The Royal Court was still in spite of Wolsey
                  1. Henry surronded himself with the minions who he could influence
                    1. 1518 - the Minions were expelled form the court due to bad influence - Wolseys fault
                      1. Wolsey promised to reform the Government - all of the Royal Courts - only if Henry dropped the minions for middle aged men, something Henry did instantly
                        1. After the minions were gone Wolsey scrapped the ideas of reform
                          1. In 1520 Henry reinstated the minions and gave them the offiical title - Gentleman of the Privy Chamber
                            1. Council Attendents to the King (20) Wolsey ensured that their work wasn't done near the King
                              1. Wolsey still had the most influence over the King
                              2. Wolseys relationship with the Nobility
                                1. The nobles reasserted themselves in 1515 and were keen on war
                                  1. Relations between Wolsey and the nobility were poor
                                    1. They resented the 'poor boy' and how wealthy and powerful he had become - Duke of Buckingham
                                      1. No intenntions of Wolsey's wanting to disullode the nobility
                                        1. As Lord Chancellor Wolsey had to oversee the whole legal system
                                          1. In 1516 - Wolsey put forward the plans to improve the legal system ensure justice both fairly and cheaply
                                            1. The Powerhouse of the reforms came from the star chamber
                                              1. The reformed star chamber was succesfull as it still held powers from Henry VII
                                                1. Wolsey gave a powerful boost to the modernisation of the legal system
                                                  1. Unlikely the gentry and nobility were admirers of the reform
                                                  2. Wolsey an Economic reformer?
                                                    1. In 1517 Wolsey launched a national enquirary to discover the extent of enclosure
                                                      1. 260 landlords or coperations dragged for years, majority of verdicts lied with the defendant
                                                        1. Parliament - 1523 agreed to abondon enclosure policy for 18 months in return for subsidy
                                                          1. As churhcman he wanted 'just price' he wanted just price
                                                          2. Wolseys attempts as a finacial and Parliamentry reformer
                                                            1. Wolsey introduced the 'Act of Ressumption in 1515 to regain lands for the crown which had earlier been granted awya.
                                                              1. This did little to reach Henry's demand
                                                              2. in 1513 Wolsey made a flexaible tax for the French war bring £300.000 to the crwon
                                                                1. Wosleys first Parliament was dissolved
                                                                  1. Wolsey tried to overcome resistance by meeting peoplee in person
                                                                    1. 1522-1523 Wolsey made himself unpopular in the politcial star
                                                                      1. April 1525 tax collecters were met with strong resistance meaning within weeks Wolsey had to backtrack
                                                                      2. To what extent did Wolsey seek to reform the Chrurch
                                                                        1. in 1519 Wolsey announced that he intended to reform the Clergy
                                                                          1. He was aware of the demands for reforming the clerical life
                                                                            1. In 1515 Wolsey had no real intrests in asserting control of the church
                                                                              1. In 1518 Wolsey in effect head of the Church due to Papal Legate
                                                                                1. Giving power to him to reform the both the regular and secular clergy
                                                                                2. Between 1524&1529 Wolsey dissolved religious housesto build colleges in Oxford and Ipswich
                                                                                  1. In effect Wolsey was allowed to control the Church by both the Pope & King
                                                                                    1. Suggested that the weakeend of the Church of England making it easier for Hnery and Cromwell to reform
                                                                                      1. Wolsey was Henry's 'creature' and submission to the King after his fall from power in 1529 indicated
                                                                                      2. Duke of Buckingham
                                                                                        1. He wanted to bigger in Court
                                                                                          1. Old fashion noble who stood for chilvery and noble privallages
                                                                                            1. He had a claim to the throne
                                                                                              1. In 1520 he was invstigated by Wolsey after rumors that he said that Henry might not be King for long
                                                                                                1. 1521 - ordered to London, arrested & imprisoned in Tower. He refused to plead for hid life, tried for treason and beheaded
                                                                                                2. Financial Reforms (DOMESTIC)
                                                                                                  1. 1522 national survey to see who could pay taxation and how much
                                                                                                    1. Gained £200,000 in forced loans in 1522-23
                                                                                                      1. However needed more money due to expensive foreign policy & inflation
                                                                                                        1. Used subsidies (approved by Parliament) based on income not property
                                                                                                      2. 1525 - Ambicable Grant rebellioned
                                                                                                      3. Economic Poliicies
                                                                                                        1. Growing problem of enclosure
                                                                                                          1. 1517 - national enquiry how much land enclosed &effects
                                                                                                            1. Legal cases drawn up against landlords judged to have enclosed land without proper permissions
                                                                                                            2. Trade embargo against Spain (1525). Diplomatic Revolution affected Cloth Trade
                                                                                                              1. 1526 - recoinage - reduced the solver in the coins - contributed to rise of prices
                                                                                                              2. How far was faction responsible for Wolseys downfall
                                                                                                                1. Wosleys survival as Henry cheif minister depended on keeping in the Kings favour
                                                                                                                  1. Wolsey could not overcome the Boelyn faction in gaining the Kings affection
                                                                                                                    1. Anne and her family sympathised with religious reformers
                                                                                                                      1. As the events of 1527 - 1529 occured the faction quickly blamed Wolsey
                                                                                                                        1. Anne Bolelyn clearly had Henry under her influence
                                                                                                                          1. Wolsey had to begin a faction in order to compete with Anne
                                                                                                                            1. Anne, Norfolk and Suffolk worked on Henry's anger about the divorce
                                                                                                                              1. In 1529 Wolsey dismissed on the charge with praemurine
                                                                                                                                1. Cardinal retrieved the house in Esher & restored the Archbishop of York
                                                                                                                                  1. Here he began to correspond with French and Imperial agent (enemies)
                                                                                                                                  2. Wolsey began his journey South to face trail & perhaps execution
                                                                                                                                    1. Wolsey died at Lecisteter Abbey on 29th November
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