The Emergence of the two Germanies

James Walters5376
Mind Map by James Walters5376, updated more than 1 year ago
James Walters5376
Created by James Walters5376 over 5 years ago


A-Level History Mind Map on The Emergence of the two Germanies, created by James Walters5376 on 05/05/2016.

Resource summary

The Emergence of the two Germanies
  1. Yalta
    1. Approved plans for the occupation and administration of Germany
      1. Germany and Berlin split into four Zones
        1. Agreed there would be a aim of Unification
          1. Polish borders remained Undecided
            1. The Four D's
              1. Denazification
                1. Decentralisation
                  1. Demilitarisation
                    1. Democratisation
                    2. Disagreements over Reparations
                  2. Potsdam
                    1. Germany would pay $20billion in Reparations
                      1. Control Council Established
                        1. Policies were reiterated, no progress made towards Reunification
                          1. Borders between Germany and Poland Agreed
                            1. 7million brutally Deported
                          2. Denazification
                            1. Nuremburg Trials
                              1. 21 most prominent nazis on Trial
                                1. Goring
                                  1. Hess
                                    1. von Papen
                                    2. Done in the public Eye
                                      1. Showed the allies were trying to do something about the Nazi Past
                                      2. Uncovered previously secret Acts
                                      3. Further Trials
                                        1. Conviction of 23 doctors, conducted experiments at concentration Camps
                                          1. Findings appalled people, detached from what had Happened
                                            1. Refused to accept Responsibility
                                            2. Trials continued as new evidence came to Light
                                            3. East
                                              1. 520,000 prominent Nazis Purged (On Soviet Terms)
                                                1. Major part of Reconstruction
                                                2. Former Nazi teachers Dismissed
                                                  1. Firms taken off former Nazis
                                                    1. Restrictions on non-criminals lifted by 1952
                                                    2. West
                                                      1. Nazis were rounded up, each case handled individually by Merit
                                                        1. Persil certificates issued to those who hadn't directly committed a Crime
                                                          1. Whitewashing of the Past
                                                          2. Fargebogen, a questionnaire that categorised People
                                                            1. Re-educated based on Results
                                                            2. Allied courts dealt with the easy Cases
                                                              1. Harder cases left and abolished in 1951
                                                            3. Effects
                                                              1. Most Nazis only temporarily Removed
                                                                1. No immediate re-emergence of Nazism
                                                                  1. All accepted some form of Responsibility
                                                                    1. Re-educations meant many were able to continue with Life
                                                                      1. Minimal material to show how bad the past Was
                                                                  2. Politics
                                                                    1. Soviet Zone
                                                                      1. Local governments setup under Ulbricht
                                                                        1. Everything would appear democratic but they would have complete Control
                                                                          1. German language radio Stations & Free German Youth Established
                                                                            1. KPD and SPD forced to merge, forming SED
                                                                            2. West
                                                                              1. Policies supported denazification, mainly Re-Education
                                                                                1. Party permits favoured, emergence of CDU, SPD, KPD, FDP etc.
                                                                                  1. CDU and SPD dominated, couldn't rule without Coalition
                                                                                    1. Minor parties (less than 5% vote) Disbanded
                                                                                  2. Democratisation
                                                                                    1. Successful in the West
                                                                                      1. Difficult to properly Achieve
                                                                                    2. Economy
                                                                                      1. Faced big task of rebuilding war-torn Germany
                                                                                        1. Soviet Zone
                                                                                          1. Initially took as many reparations as possible, 3x Agreed
                                                                                            1. Single state bank, nationalisation, higher taxes & planning schemes all Introduced
                                                                                              1. Collectivisation (State run Farms)
                                                                                              2. Economic plan for a single East German state Created
                                                                                              3. West
                                                                                                1. Difficulties, balancing reparations, future war tech and Needs
                                                                                                  1. Level of Industry Plan
                                                                                                    1. Living standards and output capped at 50% 1938 Level
                                                                                                      1. Allies creations of a single economic unit (excluded USSR)
                                                                                                        1. Revised 1938 (75% output)
                                                                                                        2. Bizonia
                                                                                                          1. Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan, rebuilding Europe
                                                                                                            1. Only minor changes to economic Policy
                                                                                                              1. Merging of economic activity, step towards Division
                                                                                                          2. Division
                                                                                                            1. Build Up
                                                                                                              1. Failed meetings in London and Moscow
                                                                                                                1. US, Britain and France formed Trizonia, USSR tried to gain the support of the GDR
                                                                                                                2. Currency Reforms
                                                                                                                  1. Central Bank, strong stable Currency
                                                                                                                    1. Made effective in Trizonia, not Berlin until Later
                                                                                                                    2. Berlin Blockade & Airlift
                                                                                                                      1. Soviets blockaded Berlin to mark their disapproval for the Currency Reforms
                                                                                                                        1. August 1948
                                                                                                                        2. Blockaded all road and rail links into Berlin
                                                                                                                          1. Trizonia embarked on a mass airlift, keep hold of Berlin
                                                                                                                            1. Operation later expanded through resilience, made more Efficient
                                                                                                                              1. Through a counter blockade of goods, lifted in May 1949
                                                                                                                              2. FRG & GDR
                                                                                                                                1. As Trizonia continued to developed divisions began to Emerge
                                                                                                                                  1. Introduction of a constitution & election in FRG, led the Soviets to react in GDR
                                                                                                                                    1. After GDR established police and a communist government, SMAD declared Independence
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