Key Individuals

jenny_allen
Mind Map by jenny_allen, updated more than 1 year ago
jenny_allen
Created by jenny_allen about 7 years ago
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India Mind Map on Key Individuals, created by jenny_allen on 26/04/2013.
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Key Individuals
1 JINNAH
1.1 Responsible for Direct Action Day & became Governor General of Pakistan.
2 GANDHI
2.1 London educated lawyer who gained mass support for Congress. Main principle was non-violence in campaigning for India's independence.
3 M. NEHRU
3.1 Wrote Nehru report to present Indians views.
4 JOHN MORLEY
4.1 Secretary of State for India - Reforms of 1909 (seen as attempt to divide and rule?)
5 BOSE
5.1 Commanded the INA who attempted to defeat the British in WW2. Killed in a plane crash in 1942.
6 IRWIN
6.1 Viceroy 1926-31
6.1.1 Well liked and conciliatory viceroy.
6.1.2 Arranged the Roundtable Conferences. 1931 made pact with Gandhi.
7 ANNIE BESANT
7.1 British woman - leader of Home Rule league in WW1 and leader of Congress in 1917.
8 TILAK
8.1 Ran one of the Home Rule leagues in WW1. Also and important Congress leader - led extremists.
9 GOKHALE
9.1 Led moderates within Congress and dominated after the Partition of Bengal.
10 CURZON
10.1 Viceroy 1898-1905
10.1.1 Wanted to streamline administration of India and destroy influence of Congress.
10.1.2 Partitioned Bengal in 1905 and created the NWFP
11 GENERAL DYER
11.1 Carried out Amritsar Massacre in 1919. Introduced Crawling Order.
12 MOUNTBATTEN
12.1 Viceroy 1947
12.1.1 Introduced Plan Balkan. Biased towards Congress - close friend of Nehru's.
13 WAVELL
13.1 Viceroy 1943-7
13.1.1 Viceroy during the Bengal famine - known as a 'man for solutions'
14 LINLITHGOW
14.1 Viceroy 1936-43
15 CHURCHILL
15.1 Believed India was the 'jewel in the crown'. Prime Minister 1940-45 - sent the Cripps Mission.
16 ATTLEE
16.1 Labour politician with strong Congress bias. Replaced Wavell with Mountbatten - was Prime Minister 1945-51.
17 SIR CYRIL RADCLIFFE
17.1 British Lawyer who drew the line that partitioned India.
18 EDWIN MONTAGUE
18.1 Introduced reforms in 1919 (Gov. of India Act) that created dyarchy. Made a declaration in 1917 that committed Britain to giving India home rule.
19 QUEEN VICTORIA
19.1 First Briton to control India. Made Royal Proclamation in 1858 and was Empress of India.
20 SARDAR PATEL
20.1 Took position of Home Affairs minister in Interim Government.
21 J NEHRU
21.1 Member of the 'Young Hooligans' who wanted purna swaraj. Became first prime minister of India.
22 PETHICK-LAWRENCE
22.1 Part of the Cabinet mission (secretary of state of India at the time).
23 MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN
23.1 Represented Muslim League on Council in Interim Government. Pushed for British to leave quicker than they wanted to.
24 CRIPPS
24.1 Sent to India on Cripps Mission and Cabinet Mission. Showed bias to Congress in Cabinet Mission.
25 ROOSEVELT
25.1 Keen to give India independence - didn't believe in empires. Put pressure on Churchill to get Britain out of India (Atlantic Charter 1941).
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