late 6th century B.C.E ;
buddha preached his first sermon to five of his companions who had accompanied him on his wanderings
the first sermon became a landmark in the history of world religions; inside he had the four main ideas that he came to understand in his enlightenment
he called those ideas "The Four Noble Truths"
The Four Noble Truths
First Noble Truth: life is fulled suffering and sorrow Second Noble Truth: the cause for suffering is peoples selfish desire for the temporary pleasures of this worldThird Noble Truth: the way to end all the suffering is to end all desiresFourth Noble Truth: the way to overcome such desires and attain enlightenment is to follow the eightfold path , which is called the Middle Way between desires and self- denial
Caption: : setting the wheel of the dharma in motion
Buddhism originally came from India Buddhism, a religion that more than 300 million people currently practice, was founded in northeastern India by Prince Siddhartha in the sixth century B.C. Having achieved enlightenment, he became known as Shakyamuni and preached a path of salvation to his followers.
the earliest collection of Buddhist teachings the earliest collection of Buddhist teachings was the Tripitaka
it means three baskets
Dhamma Day- celebrates the buddha's first teaching on the full moon day
The Four Noble Truths: the doctrines of Buddha: all life is suffering, the cause of suffering is ignorant desire, this desire can be destroyed, the means to this is the Eightfold Path.
Suffering: pain, and misery.
Karma: "All living beings have actions as their own, their inheritance, their congenital cause, their kinsman, their refuge. It is Karma that differentiates beings into low and high status
buddhists practice meditation and the focus of Zen
Nirvana the letting go of individual identity and desires ,recarnation
During the 20 century large numbers of Asians moved to North America bringing Buddhism with them. Buddhism promoted education and inspired literature, art, architecture and changes in Indian society. It rejected ritualism and the dominance of priests and encouraged equality.