Weaknesses of Parliament

Declan Wiseman
Mind Map by Declan Wiseman, updated more than 1 year ago
Declan Wiseman
Created by Declan Wiseman about 5 years ago
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Description

The weaknesses of Parliament in the English Civil War

Resource summary

Weaknesses of Parliament
  1. Military
    1. Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire- Oliver Cromwell was his 2nd in command had different attitues in religion/war, didn't work well together
      1. County militia reluctant to fight outside their counties
        1. Unpaid soldiers
          1. Looting
            1. Local community disillusion
            2. Deserting
              1. Earl of Bedford 50% force deserted Sherborne Campaign Sept 1643
              2. because Money raised by successful taxes not channelled to where it needed to be
                1. 2% of money raised before March 1645 left Chesire
            3. Financial
              1. Need coal from Newcastle, which they did not control
                1. July 1643- Purchase tax on wide range of goods which affected everyone and was very unpopular- outbreaks of violence
                  1. No donations from notable gentry
                    1. Raised money in Ad-hoc fashion
                      1. 4 different ordinances
                        1. March 1643- get land off royalists to sell and make money
                          1. Sequestering delinquents estates
                      2. Political
                        1. Civil war was not an united body- 3 parties, loose groupings of like-minded gentry
                          1. Pym died in 1643
                            1. 1644- split between War and Peace party grows. Middle Party ceased to exist after Pym's death. Most MP's moved towards War Party Position
                            2. Peace
                              1. Led by Holles
                                1. Reluctant to fight King
                                  1. Always hoped for settlement
                                    1. Only wanted end Anglican Church rather than to restrain Charles' powers
                                    2. Middle Party
                                      1. Led by Pym
                                        1. Stuck to 19 propositions
                                          1. Hoped king would see reason and for negotiated settlement
                                          2. War
                                            1. Leading members Sir Henry Vane, Sir Arthur Haselrig
                                              1. These were both republicans, not all party were
                                              2. Believed King would only negotiation meanfully after defeat
                                                1. Wanted to (Clarendon) "change the whole frame of the government in state as well as church"
                                              3. Religious disunity- due to collapse of censorship
                                                1. Major General Lawrence Crawford, Presbyterian Scot Commander of Eastern Association removed officers he judged to be too radical. Cromwell disapproved, divisions appeared between commanders
                                                2. Independency growing force since 1642. Presbyterians clear majority in Parliament
                                                  1. Likely that once war was won, split would occur, what kind of church settlement
                                                  2. Autumn 1644, Cromwell vs Earl of Manchester
                                                    1. Intolerant, hard-line Presbyterian member of Peace Party. Fighting to bring King to terms, not to defeat
                                                      1. Accused of failing to move on Royalist troops, several times
                                                        1. Cromwell openly accuses him in Commons of being inept
                                                        2. Hero of War Party. Only one with drive/military competence to win
                                                        3. Summer 1644- Commons quarrel, defeat for Peace Party of how to fight the war
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