End of war - 1919

jacksearle
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

A-Levels India History Mind Map on End of war - 1919, created by jacksearle on 04/26/2013.

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jacksearle
Created by jacksearle over 6 years ago
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End of war - 1919
1 Amritsar Massacre
1.1 Events
1.1.1 Gandhi Declares National hartal 8 April 1919
1.1.1.1 Led to violent attacks on buildings and people
1.1.1.1.1 Indian mob killed 5 Englishmen and 1 woman, Punjab Govt requests English Military help
1.1.1.1.1.1 11 April, Dyer arrives in Amritsar with troops
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bans Public meetings and arrests Local Politicians
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 13 April, public meeting in Jallianwala Bagh 10000-20000 people
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Dyer arrived with Indian Soldiers, open fired on people
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Stopped firing when bullets ran out, 379 dead, 1200 wounded
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 In following days Dyer imposes martial law
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Indians suspected of violence were publicly humiliated - flogging etc
1.2 Aftermath
1.2.1 Hunter Inquiry
1.2.1.1 Dyer stated actions were necessary
1.2.1.1.1 This view was supported by Brit Public - House of Lords pass vote of thanks
1.2.1.1.1.1 Result - Dyer responsible - censure him
1.2.1.1.1.1.1 British can no longer claim to be ruling India with the aim of making them more civilised
2 1919 Rowlatt Act
2.1 Wartime Controls After War
2.1.1 No Political Meetings
2.1.2 Censorship of Media
2.1.3 Curfews/travel Restrictions
2.1.4 Imprisonment without trial
2.1.5 Arrest Without Charge
2.2 Reaction
2.2.1 Indians fought for Britain in WW1
2.2.1.1 Expected more rights and rewards -Britain does opposite
2.2.1.1.1 Indian's very disappointed and angered by Rowlatt Acts
3 End of WW1 - Insecurity and Repression
3.1 US influence
3.1.1 US forces essentially won the Allies the war - shows that British are no longer superpower
3.1.1.1 President Wilson felt powerful enough to declare his 14 points of international policy
3.1.1.1.1 Included principle of independent nationhood (no empires)
3.1.1.1.1.1 The constant US pressure on the British to apply this principle had a major significance in following years
3.2 Russian Revolution
3.2.1 Resulted in Bolshevik govt
3.2.1.1 Which had executed entire imperial family to come into power
3.2.1.1.1 European powers feared spread of Bolshevism
3.2.1.1.1.1 Lead to secret police reporting on Indian independence campaigners - paranoid about Russian situation
3.3 Flu pandemic
3.3.1 took more lives in the winter of 1918-19 than the 4 years of war

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