1881-1906, The challenges to the Tsarist state

connor.johnstone
Mind Map by connor.johnstone, updated more than 1 year ago
connor.johnstone
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History Mind Map on 1881-1906, The challenges to the Tsarist state, created by connor.johnstone on 03/03/2014.
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1881-1906, The challenges to the Tsarist state
1 The assassination of Alexander II in 1881 forced the tsarist regime to become more conservative and anti-reformist. Alexander II had been a reforming tsar, and his son, Alexander III, thought this was the main reason for his murder.
1.1 As soon as Alexander III came into power he executed five members of the People's Will, and there was a nationwide crackdown involving the arrests of 100,000 suspected terrorists/terrorist sympathisers.
1.1.1 In August 1881 this hard-lined approach was made a policy known as the Safeguard System. It gave the tsar and his government extraordinary powers.
1.1.1.1 It had two levels;the lower Reinforced Safeguard and the Upper Extraordinary Safeguard
1.1.1.1.1 Suspects could be imprisoned for three months without trial.
1.1.1.1.1.1 Anything critical of the regime could be closed down or fined.
1.1.1.1.1.2 Under the extraordinary safeguard the Zemstva or the Duma could e closed.
1.1.1.1.2 The tsar also established 'land captains' who went to local government to ensure they were obeying orders. This was a clear return to an oppressive, autocratic state.
1.1.1.1.2.1 Tsar Alexander III turned Russia into a police state.
2 Russification
2.1 Russia was made of many different nationalities, with Russians themselves making up 44% of the population. Alexander III accelerated this in an attempt to unify the nation
2.1.1 In 1885 Russian was made the official language of the Empire.
2.1.1.1 In Finland, Poland and the Baltic States there was much resistence. In Poland 100,000 Russian soldiers had to be permanently stationed there.
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