American Revolution

Ms. Amos
Mind Map by Ms. Amos, updated more than 1 year ago
Ms. Amos
Created by Ms. Amos almost 5 years ago
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Description

Helping students to be understand the role of Georgia in the American Revolution

Resource summary

American Revolution
  1. French and Indian War 1754 (7 year War)
    1. Was a fight between the French (Indians) vs. British (Natives & Colonists)
      1. Fighting over LAND= Ohio River Valley
        1. The new land would expand to the Mississippi River
          1. The British win (King George III is in charge)
            1. Proclamation of 1763
              1. There are now laws over the new Ohio land that has been acquired. 1) Natives will remain in Ohio River Valley. 2) Colonist can not live beyond the Appalachian Mountains even though there is land expanding to Mississippi River. 3) Colonist now have to pay taxes to cover for the war debt collect during the French and Indian War.
                1. STAMP ACT 1765
                  1. Tax placed on all paper goods (newspapers, legal documents, stamps, writing paper)
                    1. Other taxes are also created. Sugar Act, Townshend Act, Tea Act. Colonist are mad/livid with all the taxes they are having to pay.
                      1. Boston Massacre 1770 5 colonists are killed by British soldiers. This sparks even more tension for the colonists because it allows for all the propaganda to be submitted from colony to colony, fueling the fire that leads up to the American Revolution
                        1. Boston Tea Party 1773- In reaction to the Tea Act and colonist dressed up like Natives and threw the tea over board off the ships. This angered King George III and destroyed lots of money worth of tea.
                          1. Intolerable Acts 1774 was in response to the Boston Tea Party. 4 rules came down from the British to the city of Boston for their behavior. 1) Closed the Boston Ports/Harbor (no trade=no $) 2) Quartering Act- must house and feed the British soldiers 3) Justice Act- British Soldiers who commit a crime in the colonies must be send back to Great Britain and tried in England. 4) Massachusetts Government Act- took away self government- British is back in control. No town meetings can be held without a British Soldier present.
                            1. Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776 was created by Thomas Jefferson to break up with Great Britain, signaling they no longer wanted to be under the control of Britain. In the Declaration they listed that their grievances (complaints) were that they did not want to be taxed.
                              1. 3 Georgia Signers of the Declaration of Independence are 1) George Walton, 2) Lyman Hall, 3) Button Gwinnett
            2. 1st Battle in the American Revolution is the Battle of Lexington and Concord 1775
              1. Battle of Kettle Creek 1779 was a morale booster in that the Colonists won this battle in Georgia. This allowed for the resupply of goods and weapons as well
                1. Siege of Savannah 1779 was were the Colonist lost to the British and lost the city of Savannah.
                  1. Elijah Clark was a general during the Battle of Kettle Creek and led the Colonist to Victory
                    1. Austin Dabney fought in this war and saved Elijah Clarke's life and was severally wounded from the battle. He was also a slave that fought in the American Revolution
                  2. Loyalists (Tories) are people who are loyal to the King and like the way of life under British command
                    1. Georgia was the last colony to be formed and was very loyal and relied on Great Britain in order to function a colony. They enjoyed the way life was going and did not want things to change.
                    2. Patriots (Whigs) are colonist who are against British command and wanted to fight for independence
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