How are sports injuries managed and classified?


PDHPE (Sports Medicine) Mind Map on How are sports injuries managed and classified?, created by jakeholland1001 on 03/22/2014.
Mind Map by jakeholland1001, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by jakeholland1001 about 9 years ago

Resource summary

How are sports injuries managed and classified?
  1. Ways to classify sports injuries
    1. Direct and Indirect
      1. Direct = external force (tackle)
        1. Indirect = intrinsic force (torn ligament - sprinting)
        2. Soft and Hard Tissue
          1. Soft = everything but bone and teeth
            1. Hard = bone and teeth
            2. Overuse
              1. Overuse of a specific body region
                1. running on hard surfaces (shin splints)
              2. Soft Tissue Injuries
                1. Tears,sprains and contusions
                  1. tears = tissue stretched or severed
                    1. sprains = streching or tearing a ligament
                      1. strains = muscle or tendon is streched
                      2. Skin abrasions, lacerations, blisters
                        1. abrasions = scraped skin on hard surface
                          1. laceration = irregular tear of flesh
                            1. blisters = collection of fluid under skin
                            2. Inflammatory response
                              1. phase 1 = inflammatory stage
                                1. phase 2 = repair stage
                                  1. phase 3 = remodeling stage
                                2. Hard tissue injuries
                                  1. Fractures
                                    1. Chip or crack in bone
                                    2. Dislocation
                                      1. Displacement of bone at a joint
                                    3. TOTAPS
                                      1. Observe
                                        1. Any signs of swelling or deformity
                                        2. Touch
                                          1. pinpoint area of pain (gently)
                                          2. Active Movement
                                            1. joint movements (flexion + extension)
                                            2. Passive Movement
                                              1. Range of movements (any pain or instability)
                                              2. Skill
                                                1. Peform a game skill
                                                2. Talk
                                                  1. What happened
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