How are sports injuries managed and classified?

jakeholland1001
Mind Map by jakeholland1001, updated more than 1 year ago
jakeholland1001
Created by jakeholland1001 about 6 years ago
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PDHPE (Sports Medicine) Mind Map on How are sports injuries managed and classified?, created by jakeholland1001 on 22/03/2014.
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How are sports injuries managed and classified?
1 Ways to classify sports injuries
1.1 Direct and Indirect
1.1.1 Direct = external force (tackle)
1.1.2 Indirect = intrinsic force (torn ligament - sprinting)
1.2 Soft and Hard Tissue
1.2.1 Soft = everything but bone and teeth
1.2.2 Hard = bone and teeth
1.3 Overuse
1.3.1 Overuse of a specific body region
1.3.2 running on hard surfaces (shin splints)
2 Soft Tissue Injuries
2.1 Tears,sprains and contusions
2.1.1 tears = tissue stretched or severed
2.1.2 sprains = streching or tearing a ligament
2.1.3 strains = muscle or tendon is streched
2.2 Skin abrasions, lacerations, blisters
2.2.1 abrasions = scraped skin on hard surface
2.2.2 laceration = irregular tear of flesh
2.2.3 blisters = collection of fluid under skin
2.3 Inflammatory response
2.3.1 phase 1 = inflammatory stage
2.3.2 phase 2 = repair stage
2.3.3 phase 3 = remodeling stage
3 Hard tissue injuries
3.1 Fractures
3.1.1 Chip or crack in bone
3.2 Dislocation
3.2.1 Displacement of bone at a joint
4 TOTAPS
4.1 Observe
4.1.1 Any signs of swelling or deformity
4.2 Touch
4.2.1 pinpoint area of pain (gently)
4.3 Active Movement
4.3.1 joint movements (flexion + extension)
4.4 Passive Movement
4.4.1 Range of movements (any pain or instability)
4.5 Skill
4.5.1 Peform a game skill
4.6 Talk
4.6.1 What happened
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