Erum Jamil
Mind Map by Erum Jamil, updated more than 1 year ago
Erum Jamil
Created by Erum Jamil almost 4 years ago


Mind Map on Depression, created by Erum Jamil on 10/10/2016.

Resource summary

1 Mood disorder
2 Major Depressive Disorder: severe but ST
3 Persistent Depressive Disorder: LT or reoccuring
4 Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: temper tantrums
5 Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: mood change prior to or during menstruation
6 Behavioural
6.1 Disruption to sleeping & eating
6.2 Loss of energy
7 Emotional
7.1 Constant depressed mood
7.2 Anger
8 Cognitive
8.1 Focusing & dwelling on the negatives
8.2 Poor concentration
9 Explanations (Cognitive Approach)
9.1 1. Beck's Negative Triad
9.1.1 People become depressed because they see the world negatively through negative schemas
9.1.2 Negative schemas develop during childhood & adolescence Caused by parental/peer rejection or criticism from teachers for example
9.1.3 Creates a 'cognitive vulnerability' which leads to depression
9.1.4 Good Supporting Evidence. Depression is linked to negative schemas.. Grazoli & Terry found pregnant women who were judged to be cognitively vulnerable were more likely to suffer from post natal depression. Supports the idea that cognition causes depression
9.2 2. Ellis' ABC Model
9.2.1 Depression is a result of IRRATIONAL THOUGHTS
9.2.2 Irrational beliefs lie in mustabatory thinking These 'musts' need to be challenged to keep a person healthy mentally
9.2.3 Beliefs can be rational or irrational If it is rational it leads to healthy emotions, if it's irrational it leads to unhealthy emotions
9.2.4 Not all irrational beliefs are inaccurate. Eg... someone living in poverty may be accurate in thinking negatively about their lives because it's genuinely difficult. Problem as it's more helpful to change a persons situation instead of changing their thinking about that situation
9.3 Practical Applications. CBT has been developed based on these explanations. March found that CBT was 81% effective. Explanations are useful in developing treatments and improving the lives of sufferers
9.4 Not Deterministic. Approach suggests that depression is due to a person's thinking which they can control this makes it inhumane as it argues a person needs to change their thinking in order to recover. This places a large burden on sufferers (who are already prone to negative thinking)
9.5 Doesn't give a full understanding of depression. It can't explain symptoms like anger, hallucinations or delusions. Suggests that the cognitive approach alone isn't sufficient to give a full understanding.
10 Treatment (Cognitive Approach)
10.1 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
10.1.1 CBT aims to replace irrational thoughts with positive, rational ones
10.1.2 Therapist teaches their client to write down ABC after a difficult situation
10.1.3 Then they're encourage to DISPUTE their irrational belief by writing something that will challenge that
10.1.4 Eventually a sufferer will learn to do this process in their head
10.1.5 Clients should feel the EFFECT of challenging irrational thoughts by becoming less anxious
10.1.6 Clients are given HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS
10.1.7 Encouraged to keep DIARIES to monitor events
10.1.8 Effective treatment. CBT helps change a persons thinking,
10.1.9 No side effects. Unlike drug therapy which is also invasive. CBT is more effective in the long term resulting in permanent changes to thinking
10.1.10 Economic benefits. Mental health issues cost £22.5 billion a year (not including indirect costs like loss of employment). CBT helps to reduces costs for drug treatment which may not work. CBT has a positive impact on lives and the economy.
10.1.11 Doesn't work for everyone. Requires a patient to commit to regular therapy sessions, which is disruptive to daily life. Drugs may be better as it reduces symptoms quickly. Also people with depression have a lack of motivation so it's not an effective treatment for depression
10.1.12 Ethics - harsh treatment. CBT suggests depression is caused by a person's thinking which they can change. It's a problem as it burdens a person prone to negativity with the blame
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